Please Help to write codes

please help me to write codes to make a project to read soil moisture , tempreture , humidity , and time I use DS3231 RTC module please help me to write codes

     thanks in advance..

What have you written so far and where are you stuck? Post your best efforts and you may get help but if you just want to use code already written here you go:

Here is code for time and soil mostrure.

#include <ESP32Time.h>
#include <WiFi.h>
#include <PubSubClient.h>
#include "certs.h" // include the connection info for WiFi and MQTT
#include "sdkconfig.h" // used for log printing
#include "esp_system.h"
#include "freertos/FreeRTOS.h" //freeRTOS items to be used
#include "freertos/task.h"
#include <driver/adc.h>
#include <SimpleKalmanFilter.h>
////
WiFiClient      wifiClient; // do the WiFi instantiation thing
PubSubClient    MQTTclient( mqtt_server, mqtt_port, wifiClient ); //do the MQTT instantiation thing
ESP32Time       rtc;
////
#define evtDoParticleRead  ( 1 << 0 ) // declare an event
#define evtADCreading      ( 1 << 3 )
EventGroupHandle_t eg; // variable for the event group handle
////
SemaphoreHandle_t sema_MQTT_KeepAlive;
SemaphoreHandle_t sema_mqttOK;
////
QueueHandle_t xQ_RemainingMoistureMQTT;
QueueHandle_t xQ_RM;
QueueHandle_t xQ_Message;
////
struct stu_message
{
  char payload [150] = {'\0'};
  String topic;
} x_message;
////
int    mqttOK = 0;
bool   TimeSet = false;
bool   manualPumpOn = false;
////
// interrupt service routine for WiFi events put into IRAM
void IRAM_ATTR WiFiEvent(WiFiEvent_t event)
{
  switch (event) {
    case SYSTEM_EVENT_STA_CONNECTED:
      break;
    case SYSTEM_EVENT_STA_DISCONNECTED:
      log_i("Disconnected from WiFi access point");
      break;
    case SYSTEM_EVENT_AP_STADISCONNECTED:
      log_i("WiFi client disconnected");
      break;
    default: break;
  }
} // void IRAM_ATTR WiFiEvent(WiFiEvent_t event)
////
void IRAM_ATTR mqttCallback(char* topic, byte * payload, unsigned int length)
{
  // clear locations
  memset( x_message.payload, '\0', 150 );
  x_message.topic = ""; //clear string buffer
  x_message.topic = topic;
  int i = 0;
  for ( i; i < length; i++)
  {
    x_message.payload[i] = ((char)payload[i]);
  }
  x_message.payload[i] = '\0';
  xQueueOverwrite( xQ_Message, (void *) &x_message );// send data
} // void mqttCallback(char* topic, byte* payload, unsigned int length)
////
void setup()
{
  x_message.topic.reserve(150);
  //
  xQ_Message = xQueueCreate( 1, sizeof(stu_message) );
  xQ_RemainingMoistureMQTT = xQueueCreate( 1, sizeof(float) ); // sends a queue copy
  xQ_RM = xQueueCreate( 1, sizeof(float) );
  //
  eg = xEventGroupCreate(); // get an event group handle
  //
  sema_mqttOK =  xSemaphoreCreateBinary();
  xSemaphoreGive( sema_mqttOK );
  //
  gpio_config_t io_cfg = {}; // initialize the gpio configuration structure
  io_cfg.mode = GPIO_MODE_INPUT; // set gpio mode. GPIO_NUM_0 input from water level sensor
  io_cfg.pull_down_en = GPIO_PULLDOWN_ENABLE; // enable pull down
  io_cfg.pin_bit_mask = ( (1ULL << GPIO_NUM_0) ); //bit mask of the pins to set, assign gpio number to be configured
  gpio_config(&io_cfg); // configure the gpio based upon the parameters as set in the configuration structure
  //
  io_cfg = {}; //set configuration structure back to default values
  io_cfg.mode = GPIO_MODE_OUTPUT;
  io_cfg.pin_bit_mask = ( 1ULL << GPIO_NUM_4 | (1ULL << GPIO_NUM_5) ); //bit mask of the pins to set, assign gpio number to be configured
  gpio_config(&io_cfg);
  gpio_set_level( GPIO_NUM_4, LOW); // deenergize relay module
  gpio_set_level( GPIO_NUM_5, LOW); // deenergize valve
  // set up A:D channels  https://dl.espressif.com/doc/esp-idf/latest/api-reference/peripherals/adc.html
  adc1_config_width(ADC_WIDTH_12Bit);
  adc1_config_channel_atten(ADC1_CHANNEL_3, ADC_ATTEN_DB_11);// using GPIO 39
  //
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( MQTTkeepalive, "MQTTkeepalive", 10000, NULL, 6, NULL, 1 );
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( fparseMQTT, "fparseMQTT", 10000, NULL, 5, NULL, 1 ); // assign all to core 1, WiFi in use.
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( fPublish, "fPublish", 9000, NULL, 3, NULL, 1 );
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( fReadAD, "fReadAD", 9000, NULL, 3, NULL, 1 );
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( fDoMoistureDetector, "fDoMoistureDetector", 70000, NULL, 4, NULL, 1 );
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( fmqttWatchDog, "fmqttWatchDog", 3000, NULL, 2, NULL, 1 );
} //void setup()
////
void fReadAD( void * parameter )
{
  float    ADbits = 4096.0f;
  float    uPvolts = 3.3f;
  float    adcValue_b = 0.0f; //plant in yellow pot
  uint64_t TimePastKalman  = esp_timer_get_time(); // used by the Kalman filter UpdateProcessNoise, time since last kalman calculation
  float    WetValue = 1.07f; // value found by putting sensor in water
  float    DryValue = 2.732f; // value of probe when held in air
  float    Range = DryValue - WetValue;
  float    RemainingMoisture = 100.0f;
  SimpleKalmanFilter KF_ADC_b( 1.0f, 1.0f, .01f );
  for (;;)
  {
    xEventGroupWaitBits (eg, evtADCreading, pdTRUE, pdTRUE, portMAX_DELAY ); //
    adcValue_b = float( adc1_get_raw(ADC1_CHANNEL_3) ); //take a raw ADC reading
    adcValue_b = ( adcValue_b * uPvolts ) / ADbits; //calculate voltage
    KF_ADC_b.setProcessNoise( (esp_timer_get_time() - TimePastKalman) / 1000000.0f ); //get time, in microsecods, since last readings
    adcValue_b = KF_ADC_b.updateEstimate( adcValue_b ); // apply simple Kalman filter
    TimePastKalman = esp_timer_get_time(); // time of update complete
    RemainingMoisture = 100.0f * (1 - ((adcValue_b - WetValue) / (DryValue - WetValue))); //remaining moisture =  1-(xTarget - xMin) / (xMax - xMin) as a percentage of the sensor wet dry volatges
    xQueueOverwrite( xQ_RM, (void *) &RemainingMoisture );
    //log_i( "adcValue_b = %f remaining moisture %f%", adcValue_b, RemainingMoisture );
  }
  vTaskDelete( NULL );
}
////
void fPublish( void * parameter )
{
  float  RemainingMoisture = 100.0f;
  for (;;)
  {
    if ( xQueueReceive(xQ_RemainingMoistureMQTT, &RemainingMoisture, portMAX_DELAY) == pdTRUE )
    {
      xSemaphoreTake( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive, portMAX_DELAY ); // whiles MQTTlient.loop() is running no other mqtt operations should be in process
      MQTTclient.publish( topicRemainingMoisture_0, String(RemainingMoisture).c_str() );
      xSemaphoreGive( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive );
    }
  } // for (;;)
  vTaskDelete( NULL );
} //void fPublish( void * parameter )
////
void WaterPump0_off()
{
  gpio_set_level( GPIO_NUM_4, LOW); //denergize relay module
  vTaskDelay( 1 );
  gpio_set_level( GPIO_NUM_5, LOW); //denergize/close valve
}
////
void WaterPump0_on()
{
  gpio_set_level( GPIO_NUM_5, HIGH); //energize/open valve
  vTaskDelay( 1 );
  gpio_set_level( GPIO_NUM_4, HIGH); //energize relay module
}
////
void fmqttWatchDog( void * paramater )
{
  int UpdateImeTrigger = 86400; //seconds in a day
  int UpdateTimeInterval = 85000; // get another reading when = UpdateTimeTrigger
  int maxNonMQTTresponse = 12;
  TickType_t xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
  const TickType_t xFrequency = 5000; //delay for mS
  for (;;)
  {
    xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
    vTaskDelayUntil( &xLastWakeTime, xFrequency );
    xSemaphoreTake( sema_mqttOK, portMAX_DELAY ); // update mqttOK
    mqttOK++;
    xSemaphoreGive( sema_mqttOK );
    if ( mqttOK >= maxNonMQTTresponse )
    {
      ESP.restart();
    }
    UpdateTimeInterval++; // trigger new time get
    if ( UpdateTimeInterval >= UpdateImeTrigger )
    {
      TimeSet = false; // sets doneTime to false to get an updated time after a days count of seconds
      UpdateTimeInterval = 0;
    }
  }
  vTaskDelete( NULL );
} //void fmqttWatchDog( void * paramater )
////
void fDoMoistureDetector( void * parameter )
{
  //wait for a mqtt connection
  while ( !MQTTclient.connected() )
  {
    vTaskDelay( 250 );
  }
  int      TimeToPublish = 5000000; //5000000uS
  int      TimeForADreading = 100 * 1000; // 100mS
  uint64_t TimePastPublish = esp_timer_get_time(); // used by publish
  uint64_t TimeADreading   = esp_timer_get_time();
  TickType_t xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
  const TickType_t xFrequency = 10; //delay for 10mS
  float    RemainingMoisture = 100.0f; //prevents pump turn on during start up
  bool     pumpOn = false;
  uint64_t PumpOnTime = esp_timer_get_time();
  int      PumpRunTime = 11000000;
  uint64_t PumpOffWait = esp_timer_get_time();
  uint64_t PumpOffWaitFor = 60000000; //one minute
  float    lowMoisture = 23.0f;
  float    highMoisture = 40.0f;
  for (;;)
  {
    //read AD values every 100mS.
    if ( (esp_timer_get_time() - TimeADreading) >= TimeForADreading )
    {
      xEventGroupSetBits( eg, evtADCreading );
      TimeADreading = esp_timer_get_time();
    }
    xQueueReceive(xQ_RM, &RemainingMoisture, 0 ); //receive queue stuff no waiting
    //read gpio 0 is water level good. Yes: OK to run pump : no pump off.   remaining moisture good, denergize water pump otherwise energize water pump.
    if ( RemainingMoisture >= highMoisture )
    {
      WaterPump0_off();
    }
    if ( !pumpOn )
    {
      log_i( "not pump on ");
      if ( gpio_get_level( GPIO_NUM_0 ) )
      {
        if ( RemainingMoisture <= lowMoisture )
        {
          //has one minute passed since last pump energize, if so then allow motor to run
          if ( (esp_timer_get_time() - PumpOffWait) >= PumpOffWaitFor )
          {
            WaterPump0_on();
            log_i( "pump on " );
            pumpOn = !pumpOn;
            PumpOnTime = esp_timer_get_time();
          }
        }
        //xSemaphoreGive( sema_RemainingMoisture );
      } else {
        log_i( "water level bad " );
        WaterPump0_off();
        PumpOffWait = esp_timer_get_time();
      }
    } else {
      /*
         pump goes on runs for X seconds then turn off, then wait PumpOffWaitTime before being allowed to energize again
      */
      if ( (esp_timer_get_time() - PumpOnTime) >= PumpRunTime )
      {
        log_i( "pump off " );
        WaterPump0_off(); // after 5 seconds turn pump off
        pumpOn = !pumpOn;
        PumpOffWait = esp_timer_get_time();
      }
    }
    // publish to MQTT every 5000000uS
    if ( (esp_timer_get_time() - TimePastPublish) >= TimeToPublish )
    {
      xQueueOverwrite( xQ_RemainingMoistureMQTT, (void *) &RemainingMoisture );// data for mqtt publish
      TimePastPublish = esp_timer_get_time(); // get next publish time
    }
    xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
    vTaskDelayUntil( &xLastWakeTime, xFrequency );
  }
  vTaskDelete( NULL );
}// end fDoMoistureDetector()
////
void MQTTkeepalive( void *pvParameters )
{
  sema_MQTT_KeepAlive   = xSemaphoreCreateBinary();
  xSemaphoreGive( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive ); // found keep alive can mess with a publish, stop keep alive during publish
  MQTTclient.setKeepAlive( 90 ); // setting keep alive to 90 seconds makes for a very reliable connection, must be set before the 1st connection is made.
  TickType_t xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
  const TickType_t xFrequency = 250; // 250mS
  for (;;)
  {
    //check for a is-connected and if the WiFi 'thinks' its connected, found checking on both is more realible than just a single check
    if ( (wifiClient.connected()) && (WiFi.status() == WL_CONNECTED) )
    {
      xSemaphoreTake( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive, portMAX_DELAY ); // whiles MQTTlient.loop() is running no other mqtt operations should be in process
      MQTTclient.loop();
      xSemaphoreGive( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive );
    }
    else {
      log_i( "MQTT keep alive found MQTT status %s WiFi status %s", String(wifiClient.connected()), String(WiFi.status()) );
      if ( !(wifiClient.connected()) || !(WiFi.status() == WL_CONNECTED) )
      {
        connectToWiFi();
      }
      connectToMQTT();
    }
    xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
    vTaskDelayUntil( &xLastWakeTime, xFrequency );
  }
  vTaskDelete ( NULL );
}
////
void connectToMQTT()
{
  // create client ID from mac address
  byte mac[5];
  int count = 0;
  WiFi.macAddress(mac); // get mac address
  String clientID = String(mac[0]) + String(mac[4]);
  log_i( "connect to mqtt as client %s", clientID );
  while ( !MQTTclient.connected() )
  {
    MQTTclient.disconnect();
    MQTTclient.connect( clientID.c_str(), mqtt_username, mqtt_password );
    vTaskDelay( 250 );
    count++;
    if ( count == 5 )
    {
      ESP.restart();
    }
  }
  MQTTclient.setCallback( mqttCallback );
  MQTTclient.subscribe( topicOK );
}
////
void connectToWiFi()
{
  int TryCount = 0;
  while ( WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED )
  {
    TryCount++;
    WiFi.disconnect();
    WiFi.begin( SSID, PASSWORD );
    vTaskDelay( 4000 );
    if ( TryCount == 10 )
    {
      ESP.restart();
    }
  }
  WiFi.onEvent( WiFiEvent );
} // void connectToWiFi()
//////
void fparseMQTT( void *pvParameters )
{
  struct stu_message px_message;
  for (;;)
  {
    if ( xQueueReceive(xQ_Message, &px_message, portMAX_DELAY) == pdTRUE )
    {
      if ( px_message.topic == topicOK )
      {
        xSemaphoreTake( sema_mqttOK, portMAX_DELAY );
        mqttOK = 0; // clear mqtt ok count
        xSemaphoreGive( sema_mqttOK );
      }
      if ( !TimeSet )
      {
        String temp = "";
        temp = px_message.payload[0];
        temp += px_message.payload[1];
        temp += px_message.payload[2];
        temp += px_message.payload[3];
        int year =  temp.toInt();
        temp = "";
        temp = px_message.payload[5];
        temp += px_message.payload[6];
        int month =  temp.toInt();
        temp = "";
        temp = px_message.payload[8];
        temp += px_message.payload[9];
        int day =  temp.toInt();
        temp = "";
        temp = px_message.payload[11];
        temp += px_message.payload[12];
        int hour =  temp.toInt();
        temp = "";
        temp = px_message.payload[14];
        temp += px_message.payload[15];
        int min =  temp.toInt();
        rtc.setTime( 0, min, hour, day, month, year );
        log_i( "%s  ", rtc.getTime() );
        TimeSet = true;
      }
      // manual pump control
      if ( str_eTopic == topicPumpState )
      {
        if ( String(strPayload) == "off" )
        {
          WaterPump0_off();
          manualPumpOn = false;
        }
        if ( String(strPayload) == "on" )
        {
          WaterPump0_on();
          manualPumpOn = true;
        }
      }
    }
  } //for(;;)
  vTaskDelete ( NULL );
} // void fparseMQTT( void *pvParameters )
////
void loop() {}

Here is some code to to the other things:

#include <WiFi.h>
#include <PubSubClient.h>
#include "certs.h" // include the connection infor for WiFi and MQTT
#include "sdkconfig.h" // used for log printing
#include "esp_system.h"
#include "freertos/FreeRTOS.h" //freeRTOS items to be used
#include "freertos/task.h"
#include <SPI.h>
#include <Adafruit_Sensor.h>
#include "Adafruit_BME680.h"
#include <Adafruit_GFX.h>    // Core graphics library
#include <Adafruit_ST7789.h> // Hardware-specific library for ST7789
#include <driver/adc.h>
#include "esp32-hal-ledc.h"
//#include "LinearRegression.h"
////
Adafruit_BME680 bme( GPIO_NUM_5 ); // use hardware SPI, set GPIO pin to use
//Adafruit_ST7789 tft = Adafruit_ST7789( TFT_CS     , TFT_DC    , TFT_MOSI   , TFT_SCLK   , TFT_RST     );
Adafruit_ST7789 tft   = Adafruit_ST7789( GPIO_NUM_15, GPIO_NUM_0, GPIO_NUM_13, GPIO_NUM_14, GPIO_NUM_22 );
WiFiClient   wifiClient; // do the WiFi instantiation thing
PubSubClient MQTTclient( mqtt_server, mqtt_port, wifiClient ); //do the MQTT instantiation thing
//LinearRegression lr;
//////
#define evtDoParticleRead     ( 1 << 0 ) // declare an event
#define evtWaitForBME         ( 1 << 1 )
#define evtParseMQTT          ( 1 << 3 )
EventGroupHandle_t eg; // variable for the event group handle
//////
QueueHandle_t xQ_eData; // environmental data to be displayed on the screen
QueueHandle_t xQ_lrData; // linear regression data
struct stu_eData
{
  float  Temperature = 0.0f;
  float  Pressure    = 0.0f;
  float  Humidity    = 0.0f;
  float  IAQ         = 0.0f; // Index Air Quality
  float  RM0         = 0.0f; // Remaining Moisture from sensor 0
  float  PM2         = 0.0f; // particles in air
  float  WS          = 0.0f; // wind speed
  String WD          = "";   // wind direction
  float  RF          = 0.0f; // rainfall
  float  WSV         = 0.0f; // weather station volts
  float  WSC         = 0.0f;  // weather station current
  float  WSP         = 0.0f;  // weather station power
} x_eData; // environmental data
QueueHandle_t xQ_Message; // payload and topic queue of MQTT payload and topic
const int payloadSize = 100;
struct stu_message
{
  char payload [payloadSize] = {'\0'};
  String topic ;
} x_message;
////
QueueHandle_t xQ_pMessage;
////
const float oGasResistanceBaseLine = 149598.0f;
int mqttOK = 0;
//////
esp_timer_handle_t oneshot_timer; //veriable to store the hardware timer handle
//////
SemaphoreHandle_t sema_MQTT_KeepAlive;
SemaphoreHandle_t sema_PublishPM;
SemaphoreHandle_t sema_mqttOK;
//////
// interrupt service routine for WiFi events put into IRAM
void IRAM_ATTR WiFiEvent(WiFiEvent_t event)
{
  switch (event) {
    case SYSTEM_EVENT_STA_CONNECTED:
      log_i("Connected to WiFi access point");
      break;
    case SYSTEM_EVENT_STA_DISCONNECTED:
      log_i("Disconnected from WiFi access point");
      break;
    case SYSTEM_EVENT_AP_STADISCONNECTED:
      log_i("WiFi client disconnected");
      break;
    default: break;
  }
} // void IRAM_ATTR WiFiEvent(WiFiEvent_t event)
//////
void IRAM_ATTR oneshot_timer_callback( void* arg )
{
  BaseType_t xHigherPriorityTaskWoken;
  xEventGroupSetBitsFromISR( eg, evtDoParticleRead, &xHigherPriorityTaskWoken ); //freeRTOS event trigger made for ISR's
} //void IRAM_ATTR oneshot_timer_callback( void* arg )
//////
void IRAM_ATTR mqttCallback(char* topic, byte * payload, unsigned int length)
{
  memset( x_message.payload, '\0', payloadSize ); // clear payload char buffer
  x_message.topic = ""; //clear topic string buffer
  x_message.topic = topic; //store new topic
  int i = 0; // extract payload
  for ( i; i < length; i++)
  {
    x_message.payload[i] = ((char)payload[i]);
  }
  x_message.payload[i] = '\0';
  xQueueOverwrite( xQ_Message, (void *) &x_message );// send data to queue
} // void mqttCallback(char* topic, byte* payload, unsigned int length)
////
void setup()
{
  x_eData.WD.reserve(50);
  x_message.topic.reserve( payloadSize );
  //
  xQ_Message  = xQueueCreate( 1, sizeof(stu_message) );
  xQ_eData    = xQueueCreate( 1, sizeof(stu_eData) ); // sends a queue copy of the structure
  xQ_lrData   = xQueueCreate( 1, sizeof(float) );
  //String x = "";
  //x.reserve(500);
  //xQ_pMessage = xQueueCreate( 1, sizeof(x) ); //set size of string queue to a string of 500 string characters.
  //
  sema_PublishPM = xSemaphoreCreateBinary();
  xSemaphoreGive( sema_PublishPM );
  sema_mqttOK    =  xSemaphoreCreateBinary();
  xSemaphoreGive( sema_mqttOK );
  ledcSetup( 4, 12000, 8 ); // ledc: 4  => Group: 0, Channel: 2, Timer: 1, led frequency, resolution  bits // blue led
  ledcAttachPin( GPIO_NUM_12, 4 );   // gpio number and channel
  ledcWrite( 4, 0 ); // write to channel number 4
  //
  eg = xEventGroupCreate(); // get an event group handle
  //
  gpio_config_t io_cfg = {}; // initialize the gpio configuration structure
  io_cfg.mode = GPIO_MODE_OUTPUT; // set gpio mode
  io_cfg.pin_bit_mask = ( (1ULL << GPIO_NUM_4) ); //bit mask of the pins to set
  gpio_config(&io_cfg); // configure the gpio based upon the parameters as set in the configuration structure
  gpio_set_level( GPIO_NUM_4, LOW); // set air particle sensor trigger pin to LOW
  // set up A:D channels, refer: https://dl.espressif.com/doc/esp-idf/latest/api-reference/peripherals/adc.html
  adc1_config_width(ADC_WIDTH_12Bit);
  adc1_config_channel_atten(ADC1_CHANNEL_0, ADC_ATTEN_DB_11);// using GPIO 36
  // https://docs.espressif.com/projects/esp-idf/en/latest/esp32/api-reference/system/esp_timer.html?highlight=hardware%20timer High Resoultion Timer API
  esp_timer_create_args_t oneshot_timer_args = {}; // initialize High Resoulition Timer (HRT) configuration structure
  oneshot_timer_args.callback = &oneshot_timer_callback; // configure for callback, name of callback function
  esp_timer_create( &oneshot_timer_args, &oneshot_timer ); // assign configuration to the HRT, receive timer handle
  //
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( fparseMQTT, "fparseMQTT", 7000,  NULL, 5, NULL, 1 );
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( MQTTkeepalive, "MQTTkeepalive", 15000, NULL, 6, NULL, 1 );
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( DoTheBME680Thing, "DoTheBME280Thing", 20000, NULL, 5, NULL, 1);
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( fDoParticleDetector, "fDoParticleDetector", 6000, NULL, 3, NULL, 1 );
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( fmqttWatchDog, "fmqttWatchDog", 3000, NULL, 3, NULL, 1 );
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( fDoTheDisplayThing, "fDoTheDisplayThing", 22000, NULL, 3, NULL, 1 );
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( fDoTrends, "fDoTrends", 5000, NULL, 3, NULL, 1 );
  //xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( fSendMQTTpressure, "fSendMQTTpressure", 3000, NULL, 3, NULL, 1 );
} //void setup()
////
//void fSendMQTTpressure( void *pvParameters )
//{
//  //struct stu_pressureMessage px_message;
//  String apInfo = "";
//  apInfo.reserve( 150 );
//  for ( ;; )
//  {
//    if ( xQueueReceive(xQ_pMessage, &apInfo, portMAX_DELAY) == pdTRUE )
//    {
//      if ( MQTTclient.connected() )
//      {
//        xSemaphoreTake( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive, portMAX_DELAY );
//        MQTTclient.publish( topicPressureInfo, apInfo.c_str() );
//        vTaskDelay( 1 );
//        xSemaphoreGive( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive );
//      } else {
//        log_i( "fSendMQTTpressure not connected" );
//      }
//      apInfo = "";
//    }
//  } // for ( ;; )
//  vTaskDelete( NULL );
//} //void fSendMQTTpresure( void *pvParameters )
//////
void fparseMQTT( void *pvParameters )
{
  struct stu_message px_message;
  for (;;)
  {
    if ( xQueueReceive(xQ_Message, &px_message, portMAX_DELAY) == pdTRUE )
    {
      xSemaphoreTake( sema_mqttOK, portMAX_DELAY );
      mqttOK = 0;
      xSemaphoreGive( sema_mqttOK );
      if ( px_message.topic == topicRemainingMoisture_0 )
      {
        x_eData.RM0  = String(px_message.payload).toFloat();
      }
      if ( px_message.topic == topicWindSpeed )
      {
        x_eData.WS = String(px_message.payload).toFloat();
      }
      if ( px_message.topic == topicWindDirection )
      {
        x_eData.WD = "";
        x_eData.WD = String(px_message.payload);
      }
      if ( px_message.topic == topicRainfall )
      {
        x_eData.RF = String(px_message.payload).toFloat();
      }
      if ( px_message.topic == topicWSVolts )
      {
        x_eData.WSV = String(px_message.payload).toFloat();
      }
      if ( px_message.topic == topicWSCurrent )
      {
        x_eData.WSC = String(px_message.payload).toFloat();
      }
      if ( px_message.topic == topicWSPower )
      {
        x_eData.WSP = String(px_message.payload).toFloat();
      }
    } //if ( xQueueReceive(xQ_Message, &px_message, portMAX_DELAY) == pdTRUE )
  } //for(;;)
  vTaskDelete( NULL );
} // void fparseMQTT( void *pvParameters )
////
void fDoTheDisplayThing( void * parameter )
{
  tft.init( 240, 320 ); // Init ST7789 320x240
  tft.setRotation( 3 );
  tft.setTextSize( 3 );
  tft.fillScreen( ST77XX_BLACK );
  tft.setTextWrap( false );
  struct stu_eData px_eData;
  int OneTwoThree = 0;
  int countUpDown = 255;
  ledcWrite( 4, countUpDown ); //backlight set
  int dimDelaytime = 7;
  for (;;)
  {
    if ( xQueueReceive(xQ_eData, &px_eData, portMAX_DELAY) == pdTRUE )
    {
      for ( countUpDown; countUpDown-- > 0; )
      {
        ledcWrite( 4, countUpDown ); // write to channel number 4, dim backlight
        vTaskDelay( dimDelaytime );
      }
      tft.fillScreen(ST77XX_BLACK);
      tft.setCursor( 0, 0 );
      OneTwoThree++;
      if ( OneTwoThree == 1 )
      {
        tft.setTextColor( ST77XX_RED );
      }
      if ( OneTwoThree == 2 )
      {
        tft.setTextColor( ST77XX_WHITE );
      }
      if ( OneTwoThree == 3 )
      {
        tft.setTextColor( ST77XX_BLUE );
        OneTwoThree = 0;
      }
      tft.println( "Temp " + String(px_eData.Temperature) + "F" );
      tft.setCursor( 0, 30 );
      tft.println( "Hum  " + String(px_eData.Humidity) + "%" );
      tft.setCursor( 0, 60 );
      tft.println( "Pres " + String(px_eData.Pressure) + "mmHg" );
      tft.setCursor( 0, 90 );
      tft.println( "AQI  " + String(px_eData.IAQ) + "%" );
      tft.setCursor( 0, 120 );
      tft.println( "RM0  " + String(px_eData.RM0) + "%" );
      tft.setCursor( 0, 150 );
      tft.println( "PM2  " + String(px_eData.PM2) + "ug/m3" );
      tft.setCursor( 0, 180 );
      tft.println( String(px_eData.WSV) + "V " + String(int(px_eData.WSC * 1000.0f)) + "mA " + String((int(px_eData.WSP * 1000.0f))) + "mW" );
      //      if ( px_eData.PM2 <= 35.0f )
      //      {
      //        //tft.setTextColor( ST77XX_GREEN );
      //        tft.println( "PM2 is Excellent" );
      //      }
      //      if ( (px_eData.PM2 > 35.0f) && px_eData.PM2 <= 75.0f )
      //      {
      //        tft.println( "PM2 is Average" );
      //      }
      //      if ( (px_eData.PM2 > 75.0f) && px_eData.PM2 <= 115.0f )
      //      {
      //        tft.println( "PM2 is Light" );
      //      }
      //      if ( (px_eData.PM2 > 115.0f) && px_eData.PM2 <= 150.0f )
      //      {
      //        tft.println( "PM2 is Moderate" );
      //      }
      //      if ( (px_eData.PM2 > 150.0f) && px_eData.PM2 <= 250.0f )
      //      {
      //        tft.println( "PM2 is Heavy" );
      //      }
      //      if ( (px_eData.PM2 > 250.0f) )
      //      {
      //        tft.println( "PM2 is Serious" );
      //      }
      //brighten blacklight level
      vTaskDelay( 400 ); // wait for screen update to be done
      for ( countUpDown; countUpDown <= 255; countUpDown++ )
      {
        ledcWrite( 4, countUpDown ); // write to channel number 4
        vTaskDelay( dimDelaytime  );
      }
      //log_i( "DoTheBME280Thing high watermark % d",  uxTaskGetStackHighWaterMark( NULL ) );
    } //if ( xQueueReceive(xQ_eData, &px_eData, portMAX_DELAY) == pdTRUE )
  } //for (;;)
  vTaskDelete( NULL );
} //void fDoTheDisplayTHing( void * parameter )
////
void fmqttWatchDog( void * paramater )
{
  int maxNonMQTTresponse = 5;
  for (;;)
  {
    vTaskDelay( 1000 );
    if ( mqttOK >= maxNonMQTTresponse )
    {
      ESP.restart();
    }
  }
  vTaskDelete( NULL );
}
////
float fCalulate_IAQ_Index( int gasResistance, float Humidity)
{
  float hum_baseline = 40.0f;
  float hum_weighting = 0.25f;
  float gas_offset = 0.0f;
  float hum_offset = 0.0f;
  float hum_score = 0.0f;
  float gas_score = 0.0f;
  gas_offset = oGasResistanceBaseLine - float( gasResistance );
  hum_offset = float( Humidity ) - hum_baseline;
  // calculate hum_score as distance from hum_baseline
  if ( hum_offset > 0.0f )
  {
    hum_score = 100.0f - hum_baseline - hum_offset;
    hum_score /= ( 100.0f - hum_baseline );
    hum_score *= ( hum_weighting * 100.0f );
  } else {
    hum_score = hum_baseline + hum_offset;
    hum_score /= hum_baseline;
    hum_score *= ( 100.0f - (hum_weighting * 100.0f) );
  }
  //calculate gas score as distance from baseline
  if ( gas_offset > 0.0f )
  {
    gas_score = float( gasResistance ) / oGasResistanceBaseLine;
    gas_score *= ( 100.0f - (hum_weighting * 100.0f ) );
  } else {
    gas_score = 100.0f - ( hum_weighting * 100.0f );
  }
  return ( hum_score + gas_score );
} //void fCalulate_IAQ_Index( int gasResistance, float Humidity):
////
void fDoParticleDetector( void * parameter )
{
  /*
    ug/m3     AQI                 Lvl AQ (Air Quality)
    (air Quality Index)
    0-35     0-50                1   Excellent
    35-75    51-100              2   Average
    75-115   101-150             3   Light pollution
    115-150  151-200             4   moderate
    150-250  201-300             5   heavy
    250-500  >=300               6   serious
  */
  float ADbits = 4095.0f;
  float uPvolts = 3.3f;
  float adcValue = 0.0f;
  float dustDensity = 0.0f;
  float Voc = 0.6f; // Set the typical output voltage in Volts when there is zero dust.
  const float K = 0.5f; // Use the typical sensitivity in units of V per 100ug/m3.
  xEventGroupWaitBits (eg, evtWaitForBME, pdTRUE, pdTRUE, portMAX_DELAY );
  TickType_t xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
  const TickType_t xFrequency = 100; //delay for mS
  for (;;)
  {
    //enable sensor led
    gpio_set_level( GPIO_NUM_4, HIGH ); // set gpio 4 to high to turn on sensor internal led for measurement
    esp_timer_start_once( oneshot_timer, 280 ); // trigger one shot timer for a 280uS timeout, warm up time.
    xEventGroupWaitBits (eg, evtDoParticleRead, pdTRUE, pdTRUE, portMAX_DELAY ); // event will be triggered by the timer expiring, wait here for the 280uS
    adcValue = float( adc1_get_raw(ADC1_CHANNEL_0) ); //take a raw ADC reading from the dust sensor
    gpio_set_level( GPIO_NUM_4, LOW );//Shut off the sensor LED
    adcValue = ( adcValue * uPvolts ) / ADbits; //calculate voltage
    dustDensity = (adcValue / K) * 100.0; //convert volts to dust density
    if ( dustDensity < 0.0f )
    {
      dustDensity = 0.00f; // make negative values a 0
    }
    if ( xSemaphoreTake( sema_PublishPM, 0 ) == pdTRUE )  // don't wait for semaphore to be available
    {
      xSemaphoreTake( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive, portMAX_DELAY );
      //log_i( "ADC volts %f Dust Density = %ug / m3 ", adcValue, dustDensity ); // print the calculated voltage and dustdensity
      MQTTclient.publish( topicInsidePM, String(dustDensity).c_str() );
      xSemaphoreGive( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive );
      x_eData.PM2 = dustDensity;
    }
    xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
    vTaskDelayUntil( &xLastWakeTime, xFrequency );
    //log_i( " high watermark % d",  uxTaskGetStackHighWaterMark( NULL ) );
  }
  vTaskDelete( NULL );
}// end fDoParticleDetector()
//// just pass the info the RPi instead of processing here
void fDoTrends( void *pvParameters )
{
  //  const int magicNumber = 96;
  //  double    values[2];
  //  int       lrCount = 0;
  float     lrData = 0.0f;
  //  float     DataPoints[magicNumber] = {0.0f};
  //  float     TimeStamps[magicNumber] = {0.0f};
  //  float     dpHigh = 702.0f;
  //  float     dpLow  = 683.0f;
  //  float     dpAtom = 0.0f;
  //  float     dpMean = 0.0f; //data point mean
  //  float     tsAtom = 0.0f;
  //  float     tsUnit = 0.0f;
  //  float     tsMean = 0.0f;
  //  bool      dpRecalculate = true;
  //  bool      FirstTimeMQTT = true;
  String    apInfo = "";
  apInfo.reserve( 150 );
  for (;;)
  {
    if ( xQueueReceive(xQ_lrData, &lrData, portMAX_DELAY) == pdTRUE )
    {
      apInfo.concat( String((float)xTaskGetTickCount() / 1000.0f) );
      apInfo.concat( "," );
      apInfo.concat( String(lrData) );
      apInfo.concat( ",0.0" );
      apInfo.concat( ",0.0" );
      if ( MQTTclient.connected() )
      {
        xSemaphoreTake( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive, portMAX_DELAY );
        MQTTclient.publish( topicPressureInfo, apInfo.c_str() );
        vTaskDelay( 1 );
        xSemaphoreGive( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive );
      }
      //xQueueSend( xQ_pMessage, (void *) &apInfo, portMAX_DELAY ); // wait for queue space to become available
      apInfo = "";
      //find dpHigh and dpLow, collects historical high and low data points, used for data normalization
      //      if ( lrData > dpHigh )
      //      {
      //        dpHigh = lrData;
      //        dpRecalculate = true;
      //      }
      //      if ( lrData < dpLow )
      //      {
      //        dpLow = lrData;
      //        dpRecalculate = true;
      //      }
      //      if ( lrCount != magicNumber )
      //      {
      //        DataPoints[lrCount] = lrData;
      //        TimeStamps[lrCount] = (float)xTaskGetTickCount() / 1000.0f;
      //        log_i( "lrCount %d TimeStamp %f lrData %f", lrCount, TimeStamps[lrCount], DataPoints[lrCount] );
      //        lrCount++;
      //      } else {
      //        //shift datapoints collected one place to the left
      //        for ( int i = 0; i < magicNumber; i++ )
      //        {
      //          DataPoints[i] = DataPoints[i + 1];
      //          TimeStamps[i] = TimeStamps[i + 1];
      //        }
      //        //insert new data points and time stamp (ts) at the end of the data arrays
      //        DataPoints[magicNumber - 1] = lrData;
      //        TimeStamps[magicNumber - 1] = (float)xTaskGetTickCount() / 1000.0f;
      //        lr.Reset(); //reset the LinearRegression Parameters
      //        // use dpHigh and dpLow to calculate data mean atom for normalization
      //        if ( dpRecalculate )
      //        {
      //          dpAtom = 1.0f / (dpHigh - dpLow); // a new high or low data point has been found adjust mean dpAtom
      //          dpRecalculate = false;
      //        }
      //        //timestamp mean is ts * (1 / ts_Firstcell - ts_Lastcell[magicNumber]). ts=time stamp
      //        tsAtom = 1.0f / (TimeStamps[magicNumber - 1] - TimeStamps[0]); // no need to do this part of the calculation every for loop ++
      //        for (int i = 0; i < magicNumber; i++)
      //        {
      //          dpMean = (DataPoints[i] - dpLow) * dpAtom;
      //          tsMean = TimeStamps[i] * tsAtom;
      //          lr.Data( tsMean, dpMean ); // train lr
      //          //send to mqtt the first time
      //          if ( FirstTimeMQTT )
      //          {
      //            apInfo.concat( String(TimeStamps[i]) );
      //            apInfo.concat( "," );
      //            apInfo.concat( String(DataPoints[i]) );
      //            apInfo.concat( "," );
      //            apInfo.concat(  String(tsMean) );
      //            apInfo.concat( "," );
      //            apInfo.concat( String(dpMean) );
      //            xQueueSend( xQ_pMessage, (void *) &apInfo, portMAX_DELAY ); // wait for queue space to become available
      //            apInfo = "";
      //          }
      //        }
      //        if ( !FirstTimeMQTT )
      //        {
      //          apInfo.concat( String(TimeStamps[magicNumber - 1]) );
      //          apInfo.concat( "," );
      //          apInfo.concat( String(DataPoints[magicNumber - 1]) );
      //          apInfo.concat( "," );
      //          apInfo.concat( String(tsMean) );
      //          apInfo.concat( "," );
      //          apInfo.concat( String(dpMean) );
      //          xQueueSend( xQ_pMessage, (void *) &apInfo, portMAX_DELAY );
      //          apInfo = "";
      //        }
      //        FirstTimeMQTT = false;
      //        lr.Parameters( values );
      //        //calculate
      //        tsUnit = TimeStamps[magicNumber - 1] - TimeStamps[magicNumber - 2]; //get the time stamp quantity
      //        tsUnit += TimeStamps[magicNumber - 1]; //get a future time
      //        tsUnit *= tsAtom; //setting time units to the same scale
      //        log_i( "Calculate next x using y = %f", lr. Calculate( tsUnit ) ); //calculate next datapoint using time stamp
      //        log_i( "Correlation: %f Values: Y=%f and *X + %f ", lr.Correlation(), values[0], values[1] ); // correlation is the strength and direction of the relationship
      //        //calculate datapoint for current time stamp, use current data point against calculated datapoint to get error magnatude and direction.
      //        //log_i( "lr.Error( x_pMessage.TimeStamp, x_pMessage.nDataPoint ) %f", lr.Error(x_pMessage.nTimeStamp, x_pMessage.nDataPoint) ); //
      //      }
      //log_i( "fDoTrends high watermark % d",  uxTaskGetStackHighWaterMark( NULL ) );
    } //if ( xQueueReceive(xQ_lrData, &lrData, portMAX_DELAY) == pdTRUE )
  } //for(;;)
  vTaskDelete ( NULL );
} //void fDoTrends( void *pvParameters )
////
void DoTheBME680Thing( void *pvParameters )
{
  SPI.begin(); // initialize the SPI library
  vTaskDelay( 10 );
  if (!bme.begin()) {
    log_i("Could not find a valid BME680 sensor, check wiring!");
    while (1);
  }
  // Set up oversampling and filter initialization
  bme.setTemperatureOversampling(BME680_OS_8X);
  bme.setHumidityOversampling(BME680_OS_2X);
  bme.setPressureOversampling(BME680_OS_4X);
  bme.setIIRFilterSize(BME680_FILTER_SIZE_3);
  bme.setGasHeater(320, 150); // 320*C for 150 ms
  //wait for a mqtt connection
  while ( !MQTTclient.connected() )
  {
    vTaskDelay( 250 );
  }
  xEventGroupSetBits( eg, evtWaitForBME );
  TickType_t xLastWakeTime    = xTaskGetTickCount();
  const TickType_t xFrequency = 1000 * 15; //delay for mS
  int sendLRDataTrigger       = 240; // 1 hour-ish = 240
  int sendLRdataCount         = sendLRDataTrigger - 1; //send linear regression data when count is reached
  String bmeInfo = "";
  bmeInfo.reserve( 100 );
  for (;;)
  {
    x_eData.Temperature  = bme.readTemperature();
    x_eData.Temperature  = ( x_eData.Temperature * 1.8f ) + 32.0f; // (Celsius x 1.8) + 32
    x_eData.Pressure     = bme.readPressure();
    x_eData.Pressure     = x_eData.Pressure / 133.3223684f; //converts to mmHg
    sendLRdataCount++;
    if ( sendLRdataCount >= sendLRDataTrigger )
    {
      xQueueOverwrite( xQ_lrData, (void *) &x_eData.Pressure ); // send to trends
      sendLRdataCount    = 0;
    }
    x_eData.Humidity     = bme.readHumidity();
    x_eData.IAQ          = fCalulate_IAQ_Index( bme.readGas(), x_eData.Humidity );
    //log_i( " temperature % f, Pressure % f, Humidity % f IAQ % f", x_eData.Temperature, x_eData.Pressure, x_eData.Humidity, x_eData.IAQ);
    bmeInfo.concat( String(x_eData.Temperature, 2) );
    bmeInfo.concat( "," );
    bmeInfo.concat( String(x_eData.Pressure, 2) );
    bmeInfo.concat( "," );
    bmeInfo.concat( String(x_eData.Humidity, 2) );
    bmeInfo.concat( "," );
    bmeInfo.concat( String(x_eData.IAQ, 2) );
    xSemaphoreTake( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive, portMAX_DELAY );
    if ( MQTTclient.connected() )
    {
      MQTTclient.publish( topicInsideInfo, bmeInfo.c_str() );
    }
    xSemaphoreGive( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive );
    xSemaphoreGive( sema_PublishPM ); // release publish of dust density
    xSemaphoreTake( sema_mqttOK, portMAX_DELAY );
    mqttOK ++;
    xSemaphoreGive( sema_mqttOK );
    xQueueOverwrite( xQ_eData, (void *) &x_eData );// send data to display
    //
    bmeInfo = ""; // empty string
    xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
    vTaskDelayUntil( &xLastWakeTime, xFrequency );
    // log_i( "DoTheBME280Thing high watermark % d",  uxTaskGetStackHighWaterMark( NULL ) );
  }
  vTaskDelete ( NULL );
}
////
/*
  Important to not set vTaskDelay/vTaskDelayUntil to less then 10. Errors begin to develop with the MQTT and network connection.
  makes the initial wifi/mqtt connection and works to keeps those connections open.
*/
void MQTTkeepalive( void *pvParameters )
{
  sema_MQTT_KeepAlive   = xSemaphoreCreateBinary();
  xSemaphoreGive( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive ); // found keep alive can mess with a publish, stop keep alive during publish
  MQTTclient.setKeepAlive( 90 ); // setting keep alive to 90 seconds makes for a very reliable connection, must be set before the 1st connection is made.
  TickType_t xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
  const TickType_t xFrequency = 250; //delay for ms
  for (;;)
  {
    //check for a is-connected and if the WiFi 'thinks' its connected, found checking on both is more realible than just a single check
    if ( (wifiClient.connected()) && (WiFi.status() == WL_CONNECTED) )
    {
      xSemaphoreTake( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive, portMAX_DELAY ); // whiles MQTTlient.loop() is running no other mqtt operations should be in process
      MQTTclient.loop();
      xSemaphoreGive( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive );
    }
    else {
      log_i( "MQTT keep alive found MQTT status % s WiFi status % s", String(wifiClient.connected()), String(WiFi.status()) );
      if ( !(wifiClient.connected()) || !(WiFi.status() == WL_CONNECTED) )
      {
        connectToWiFi();
      }
      connectToMQTT();
    }
    xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
    vTaskDelayUntil( &xLastWakeTime, xFrequency );
  }
  vTaskDelete ( NULL );
}
////
void connectToMQTT()
{
  byte mac[5]; // create client ID from mac address
  WiFi.macAddress(mac); // get mac address
  String clientID = String(mac[0]) + String(mac[4]) ; // use mac address to create clientID
  while ( !MQTTclient.connected() )
  {
    MQTTclient.connect( clientID.c_str(), mqtt_username, mqtt_password );
    //log_i( "connecting to MQTT" );
    vTaskDelay( 250 );
  }
  MQTTclient.setCallback( mqttCallback );
  MQTTclient.subscribe  ( topicOK );
  MQTTclient.subscribe  ( topicRemainingMoisture_0 );
  MQTTclient.subscribe  ( topicWindSpeed );
  MQTTclient.subscribe  ( topicWindDirection );
  MQTTclient.subscribe  ( topicRainfall );
  MQTTclient.subscribe  ( topicWSVolts );
  MQTTclient.subscribe  ( topicWSCurrent );
  MQTTclient.subscribe  ( topicWSPower );
  //log_i("MQTT Connected");
} //void connectToMQTT()
void connectToWiFi()
{
  int TryCount = 0;
  //log_i( "connect to wifi" );
  while ( WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED )
  {
    TryCount++;
    WiFi.disconnect();
    WiFi.begin( SSID, PASSWORD );
    //log_i(" waiting on wifi connection" );
    vTaskDelay( 4000 );
    if ( TryCount == 10 )
    {
      ESP.restart();
    }
  }
  //log_i( "Connected to WiFi" );
  WiFi.onEvent( WiFiEvent );
}
////
void loop() { }

Good luck.

Have your post moved to gigs and collaborations. Perhaps you can find someone there who will write code for you.

You want someone to write the code for you, but you get the grade?
Very funny and abysmal disingenuous.

1 Like

what is gigs and collaborations

A place where you can compensate your laziness with money.

The forum where you can beg someone to write code for you or pay someone to write code for you.

Other post/duplicate DELETED
Please do NOT cross post / duplicate as it wastes peoples time and efforts to have more than one post for a single topic.

Continued cross posting could result in a time out from the forum.

Could you also take a few moments to Learn How To Use The Forum.

Other general help and troubleshooting advice can be found here.
It will help you get the best out of the forum in the future.

Hi @senath537,

Delete this post, and then post on gigs and collaborations. I might be willing to write some code for you.

Give a man a fish ......

Hi, @senath537

is this a class project?

Tom... :grinning: :coffee: :australia:

No it’s not a class activity