Precision of calculations in Arduino?

I want to perform some geodetic (GPS type) calculations in Arduino (using Haversine or Vincentys formula).

However I want precision out to around 12 decimal places or more.

Does Arduino math support precision to this many decimal places?

I think the long long type is available, which would be 64 bits. 12 decimal digits is about 36 binary digits, so you could almost do it with a normal long (32 bits).

There is also a "big number" library someone ported that is floating around that can compute numbers to hundreds of digits (limited by the arduino's SRAM)

No. It supports only 'float' (no 'double' or 'long double'). For more precision, you'll need to use an extension library or roll your own.

There is indeed "long long" but it uses up program memory at a pretty fast rate.

If you really need that much precision you could use the "big number" library I ported:

http://gammon.com.au/forum/?id=11519

Thanks guys.

Twelve decimal places sounds like more precision that you'd get even out of a milspec GPS. What are you trying to do?

Longitude to 12 decimal places will get you precision to 0.00001mm (that’s right, millimeters). The only reason I could see this being useful would be for blasting microbes from space :wink:

John_S: Longitude to 12 decimal places will get you precision to 0.00001mm (that's right, millimeters). The only reason I could see this being useful would be for blasting microbes from space ;)

An Orbital Surgical Death Ray based on an Arduino.. I don't know wether to be proud or very, very sad.

However I want precision out to around 12 decimal places or more.

Why?

This web page http://www.movable-type.co.uk/scripts/latlong-vincenty.html says of Vincenty's and Haversin:

Vincenty’s formula is accurate to within 0.5mm, or 0.000015? (!), on the ellipsoid being used. Calculations based on a spherical model, such as the (much simpler) Haversine, are accurate to around 0.3%

John_S pointed out that 12 digits

will get you precision to 0.00001mm

which means you can't even come close to a precision of 12 decimal places using either formula.

@OP. Why would you want to compute Vincenty's formula on an Arduino anyway even if it was to a reasonable number of digits precision?

Pete