Reliable compass sensor

Hello guys,

What is the most precise/reliable compass available nowadays?

I have been designing a compass device to be mounted on a boat, and the problem I had with my previous attempts was that the boat 'heels over', and that angle of heeling messed up with the compass readings.

Do you have a recommendation for a compass that accounts for that heeling problem?

Thanks,
Marcelo

Did you compensate for tilt?

The point is, you can buy any 9-dof sensor and you should be fine.

This 10DOF sensor from Pololu is on closeout sale, and it is a great buy.

In addition to a state of the art tilt-compensated compass, you get a pressure sensor which can be used as a weather-forecasting barometer or altimeter.

Any old-fashioned mechanical compass is probably going to out-perform any normal MEMS
magnetometer module I’m afraid, the price you pay for the miniaturization is noise,
inaccuracy, and calibration headaches! Most PCBs are covered in small bits of steel
(SMT component end-caps), so placing a magnetometer on a PCB is problematic
from the get-go.

Boat compasses are designed to stay level as they are mounted on gimbals - the same
applies to an electronic compass on a boat, you’d need to mount it just the same for
reliable readings, or else use an IMU to correct the reading (which implies full 3D accurate
calibration of the MEMS magnetometer, not an easy task I fear).

There are specialized sensor modules that use MEMS magnetometers and claim <=0.5 degree accuracy
out of the box, but they are specialist and need to be mounted well away from iron and steel objects
like any other compass for any hope of achieving that accuracy. You pay a lot for the privilege of a pre-
calibrated iron-free module - basically any mechanical prismatic compass will perform just as well, and
will function without needing a power source - for navigation you require that as a backup at least I
reckon.

Another issue that affects magnetic sensing these days is the number of devices containing
strong magnets - many have these just to hold a lid shut! The reading of a compass is thrown out
by a field on the order of 1 microtesla, strong modern magnets are 100,000 microtesla or more.

Even though magnetic fields fall off as distance cubed, this means its difficult to be sure of a clean reading.