So, your "friend" handed you this list and said, "Go, son, and do these things."?
Was he/she unwilling to assist you in this? I mean, if the intent is for you to learn electronics, then this is akin to a swimming instructor throwing you into the deep end and yelling, "Now, Swim!!"
Yes, taking on a project is a good way to motivate yourself to acquire the requisite knowledge, but too large a project, especially with no one to guide you, can be more discouraging than helpful.
And, essentially, what you're asking, here, is that we teach you electronics, because, for each of those projects, you will need to have, at least, some basics under your belt.
I suggest you utilize one or more of the excellent free electronics tutorials available on the Internet, such as:
Or purchase one of those 200-in-one [or some such number] Electronics Kits from Radio Shack or American Scientist, etc. [that's what got me started]
BTW: I searched through YouTube looking for a "good" Electronics Education series, and found either boring or inaccurate/misleading. The Bill Nye video was the only one I found [doesn't mean they don't exist] that was both entertaining AND [probably--since I didn't watch the whole thing] accurate -- but, it only covers the absolute basics, so not even close to a full tutorial. And, I, personally, find Bill Nye a bit annoying because of his manic, trying-too-hard-to-be-cool, antics.
Then start with powering an LED [one LED]. And go from there.