RFID PN532 help

I’ve got an ADAfruit PN532 working on MEGA software SPI.
Everything seems to run OK right to where it serial prints ‘Waiting for ISO 144431A card’ …then nothing.

Library seems OK.

has anyone seen this before;

/**************************************************************************/
/*! 
    @file     iso14443a_uid.pde
    @author   Adafruit Industries
	@license  BSD (see license.txt)

    This example will attempt to connect to an ISO14443A
    card or tag and retrieve some basic information about it
    that can be used to determine what type of card it is.   
   
    Note that you need the baud rate to be 115200 because we need to print
	out the data and read from the card at the same time!

This is an example sketch for the Adafruit PN532 NFC/RFID breakout boards
This library works with the Adafruit NFC breakout 
  ----> https://www.adafruit.com/products/364
 
Check out the links above for our tutorials and wiring diagrams 
These chips use SPI or I2C to communicate.

Adafruit invests time and resources providing this open source code, 
please support Adafruit and open-source hardware by purchasing 
products from Adafruit!

*/
/**************************************************************************/
#include <Wire.h>
#include <SPI.h>
#include <Adafruit_PN532.h>

// If using the breakout with SPI, define the pins for SPI communication.
#define PN532_SCK  (64)
#define PN532_MOSI (63)
#define PN532_SS   (67)
#define PN532_MISO (50)

// If using the breakout or shield with I2C, define just the pins connected
// to the IRQ and reset lines.  Use the values below (2, 3) for the shield!
#define PN532_IRQ   (2)
#define PN532_RESET (3)  // Not connected by default on the NFC Shield

// Uncomment just _one_ line below depending on how your breakout or shield
// is connected to the Arduino:

// Use this line for a breakout with a SPI connection:
Adafruit_PN532 nfc(PN532_SCK, PN532_MISO, PN532_MOSI, PN532_SS);

// Use this line for a breakout with a hardware SPI connection.  Note that
// the PN532 SCK, MOSI, and MISO pins need to be connected to the Arduino's
// hardware SPI SCK, MOSI, and MISO pins.  On an Arduino Uno these are
// SCK = 13, MOSI = 11, MISO = 12.  The SS line can be any digital IO pin.
//Adafruit_PN532 nfc(PN532_SS);

// Or use this line for a breakout or shield with an I2C connection:
//Adafruit_PN532 nfc(PN532_IRQ, PN532_RESET);

#if defined(ARDUINO_ARCH_SAMD)
// for Zero, output on USB Serial console, remove line below if using programming port to program the Zero!
// also change #define in Adafruit_PN532.cpp library file
   #define Serial SerialUSB
#endif

void setup(void) {
  #ifndef ESP8266
    while (!Serial); // for Leonardo/Micro/Zero
  #endif
  Serial.begin(115200);
  Serial.println("Hello!");

  nfc.begin();

  uint32_t versiondata = nfc.getFirmwareVersion();
  if (! versiondata) {
    Serial.print("Didn't find PN53x board");
    while (1); // halt
  }
  
  // Got ok data, print it out!
  Serial.print("Found chip PN5"); Serial.println((versiondata>>24) & 0xFF, HEX); 
  Serial.print("Firmware ver. "); Serial.print((versiondata>>16) & 0xFF, DEC); 
  Serial.print('.'); Serial.println((versiondata>>8) & 0xFF, DEC);
  
  // Set the max number of retry attempts to read from a card
  // This prevents us from waiting forever for a card, which is
  // the default behaviour of the PN532.
  nfc.setPassiveActivationRetries(0xFF);
  
  // configure board to read RFID tags
  nfc.SAMConfig();
  
  Serial.println("Waiting for an ISO14443A card");
}

void loop(void) {
  boolean success;
  uint8_t uid[] = { 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 };	// Buffer to store the returned UID
  uint8_t uidLength;				// Length of the UID (4 or 7 bytes depending on ISO14443A card type)
  
  // Wait for an ISO14443A type cards (Mifare, etc.).  When one is found
  // 'uid' will be populated with the UID, and uidLength will indicate
  // if the uid is 4 bytes (Mifare Classic) or 7 bytes (Mifare Ultralight)
  success = nfc.readPassiveTargetID(PN532_MIFARE_ISO14443A, &uid[0], &uidLength);
  
  if (success) {
    Serial.println("Found a card!");
    Serial.print("UID Length: ");Serial.print(uidLength, DEC);Serial.println(" bytes");
    Serial.print("UID Value: ");
    for (uint8_t i=0; i < uidLength; i++) 
    {
      Serial.print(" 0x");Serial.print(uid[i], HEX); 
    }
    Serial.println("");
	// Wait 1 second before continuing
	delay(1000);
  }
  else
  {
    // PN532 probably timed out waiting for a card
    Serial.println("Timed out waiting for a card");
  }
}

I've got an ADAfruit PN532 working on MEGA software SPI.

Why? Do you have some valid reason not to use hardware SPI?

At the moment no, but the default in the example is a software SPI so it seemed the easiest to prove first.

When it runs the serial monitor reports...

Hello!
TIMEOUT!
Found chip PN532
Firmware ver. 1.6
Waiting for an ISO14443A Card ...

Then nothing.

The loop seems to break at this line...

success = nfc.readPassiveTargetID(PN532_MIFARE_ISO14443A, uid, &uidLength);

Seems to be affected by the timeout in the diver file Adafruit PN532.h

bool readPassiveTargetID(uint8_t cardbaudrate, uint8_t * uid, uint8_t * uidLength, uint16_t timeout = 1000);

It is default to 0. if I set to anything higher is seems to runs the line now;

success = nfc.readPassiveTargetID(PN532_MIFARE_ISO14443A, uid, &uidLength);

But then just displays TIMEOUT straight after as it loops.

Serial monitor with a print test now shows....

Hello!
TIMEOUT!
Found chip PN532
Firmware ver. 1.6
Waiting for an ISO14443A Card ...
TIMEOUT!
found card ...
TIMEOUT!
found card ...
TIMEOUT!
found card ...
TIMEOUT!

I’ve rechecked all the wiring and searched everywhere for clues on the forums but just cant find anything.

The PN532 is new and the cards are new.

The loop just doesn’t seem to be running.

I previously used a 522 module on the Mega using the same SPI pins and it worked fine. I just cant see what is stopping the card read…

Any help please??

again code is…

#include <Wire.h>
#include <SPI.h>
#include <Adafruit_PN532.h>

// If using the breakout with SPI, define the pins for SPI communication.
#define PN532_SCK  (64)
#define PN532_MOSI (63)
#define PN532_SS   (67)
#define PN532_MISO (50)

// If using the breakout or shield with I2C, define just the pins connected
// to the IRQ and reset lines.  Use the values below (2, 3) for the shield!
//#define PN532_IRQ   (2)
//#define PN532_RESET (3)  // Not connected by default on the NFC Shield

// Uncomment just _one_ line below depending on how your breakout or shield
// is connected to the Arduino:

// Use this line for a breakout with a software SPI connection (recommended):
Adafruit_PN532 nfc(PN532_SCK, PN532_MISO, PN532_MOSI, PN532_SS);

// Use this line for a breakout with a hardware SPI connection.  Note that
// the PN532 SCK, MOSI, and MISO pins need to be connected to the Arduino's
// hardware SPI SCK, MOSI, and MISO pins.  On an Arduino Uno these are
// SCK = 13, MOSI = 11, MISO = 12.  The SS line can be any digital IO pin.
//Adafruit_PN532 nfc(PN532_SS);

// Or use this line for a breakout or shield with an I2C connection:
//Adafruit_PN532 nfc(PN532_IRQ, PN532_RESET);

#if defined(ARDUINO_ARCH_SAMD)
// for Zero, output on USB Serial console, remove line below if using programming port to program the Zero!
// also change #define in Adafruit_PN532.cpp library file
   #define Serial SerialUSB
#endif

void setup(void) {
  #ifndef ESP8266
    while (!Serial); // for Leonardo/Micro/Zero
  #endif
  Serial.begin(115200);
  Serial.println("Hello!");

  nfc.begin();
   
  uint32_t versiondata = nfc.getFirmwareVersion();
  if (! versiondata) {
    Serial.print("Didn't find PN53x board");
    while (1); // halt
  }
  // Got ok data, print it out!
  Serial.print("Found chip PN5"); Serial.println((versiondata>>24) & 0xFF, HEX); 
  Serial.print("Firmware ver. "); Serial.print((versiondata>>16) & 0xFF, DEC); 
  Serial.print('.'); Serial.println((versiondata>>8) & 0xFF, DEC);
  
  // configure board to read RFID tags
  nfc.SAMConfig();
  
  Serial.println("Waiting for an ISO14443A Card ...");
}


void loop(void) {
  uint8_t success;
    uint8_t uid[] = { 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 };  // Buffer to store the returned UID
  uint8_t uidLength;                        // Length of the UID (4 or 7 bytes depending on ISO14443A card type)
    
  // Wait for an ISO14443A type cards (Mifare, etc.).  When one is found
  // 'uid' will be populated with the UID, and uidLength will indicate
  // if the uid is 4 bytes (Mifare Classic) or 7 bytes (Mifare Ultralight)
  success = nfc.readPassiveTargetID(PN532_MIFARE_ISO14443A, uid, &uidLength);
  Serial.println("found card ...");
  if (success) {
    // Display some basic information about the card
    Serial.println("Found an ISO14443A card");
    Serial.print("  UID Length: ");Serial.print(uidLength, DEC);Serial.println(" bytes");
    Serial.print("  UID Value: ");
    nfc.PrintHex(uid, uidLength);
    Serial.println("");
    
    if (uidLength == 4)
    {
      // We probably have a Mifare Classic card ... 
      Serial.println("Seems to be a Mifare Classic card (4 byte UID)");
	  
      // Now we need to try to authenticate it for read/write access
      // Try with the factory default KeyA: 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF
      Serial.println("Trying to authenticate block 4 with default KEYA value");
      uint8_t keya[6] = { 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF };
	  
	  // Start with block 4 (the first block of sector 1) since sector 0
	  // contains the manufacturer data and it's probably better just
	  // to leave it alone unless you know what you're doing
      success = nfc.mifareclassic_AuthenticateBlock(uid, uidLength, 4, 0, keya);
	  
      if (success)
      {
        Serial.println("Sector 1 (Blocks 4..7) has been authenticated");
        uint8_t data[16];
		
        // If you want to write something to block 4 to test with, uncomment
		// the following line and this text should be read back in a minute
        //memcpy(data, (const uint8_t[]){ 'a', 'd', 'a', 'f', 'r', 'u', 'i', 't', '.', 'c', 'o', 'm', 0, 0, 0, 0 }, sizeof data);
        // success = nfc.mifareclassic_WriteDataBlock (4, data);

        // Try to read the contents of block 4
        success = nfc.mifareclassic_ReadDataBlock(4, data);
		
        if (success)
        {
          // Data seems to have been read ... spit it out
          Serial.println("Reading Block 4:");
          nfc.PrintHexChar(data, 16);
          Serial.println("");
		  
          // Wait a bit before reading the card again
          delay(1000);
        }
        else
        {
          Serial.println("Ooops ... unable to read the requested block.  Try another key?");
        }
      }
      else
      {
        Serial.println("Ooops ... authentication failed: Try another key?");
      }
    }
    
    if (uidLength == 7)
    {
      // We probably have a Mifare Ultralight card ...
      Serial.println("Seems to be a Mifare Ultralight tag (7 byte UID)");
	  
      // Try to read the first general-purpose user page (#4)
      Serial.println("Reading page 4");
      uint8_t data[32];
      success = nfc.mifareultralight_ReadPage (4, data);
      if (success)
      {
        // Data seems to have been read ... spit it out
        nfc.PrintHexChar(data, 4);
        Serial.println("");
		
        // Wait a bit before reading the card again
        delay(1000);
      }
      else
      {
        Serial.println("Ooops ... unable to read the requested page!?");
      }
    }
  }
}

Has anyone tried any other libraries than the Adafruit one with this device?

I just cant see why the code is crashing...

I've found a new library here that appears to support the Elechouse module.

I'm a bit new to libraries. This master folder has a sub folder for the SPI version. Do I just add that to my Arduino libraries list or do I need additional files?

I am also not sure what examples are relevant in the download there seem to e a few options......

Did you find a solution to this issue?
I'm using the Adafruit library, and I see the same problem (both with hardware and software SPI).
The code is hanging waiting in the isready() function, but the PN532 never get's ready.
The strange part for me is that it was working well for a few days, and now suddenly it stopped and is now constantly hanging waiting for ready signal from the NFC chip.

The chip and version is recognized (like described above), so SPI communication in both directions is OK. The issue seems to be that the NXP chip isn't ready to accept commands.