Hi everyone! I write as you have already understood from faraway Russia, I was interested in the question as to the Arduino, you can connect a simple screen, such as black and white? And how to get to it any information?
you can connect a simple screen
If by simple screen, you are referring to something like this: http://www.sparkfun.com/products/255 then, yes, you can connect them to the Arduino.
such as black and white?
Not typical colors, no.
And how to get to it any information?
That all depends on which screen you get. There are a number of LCD that can be talked to using the LiquidCrystal library. Other LCDs are serial devices (http://www.sparkfun.com/products/8884), so Serial.print() and/or Serial.write() send data or commands to them.
It is possible to drive a black and white TV (if that is what you meant by screen) with an Arduino, however it is a difficult task with severe timing requirements.
The path most take to interface with a tv or monitor is to utilize a purpose designed shield. Below is one I order that interfaces with any monitor that has a direct video input. You write to the device with simple serial communications commands.