If you search, you find a lot of folks suggesting the 2.56 volt analog reference using an analogReference value of 6.
That ostensibly works if you look at the ATTiny data sheet… until you look up a bit and notice that the three bits of that value are not next to each other.
The original wiring_analog.c says:
ADMUX = (analog_reference << 6) | (pin & 0x07);
But that shifts the top bit of the analogReference() value out of the byte. The correct thing to do - at least on the ATTiny platform - is
ADMUX = (analog_reference << 6) | (pin & 0x07) | ((analog_reference & 0x4)?0x10:0);
That is, REFS0 is bit 6 in the ADMUX word, REFS1 is bit 7, and REFS2 is bit FOUR.
See 17.13.1 in the ATTiny85 data sheet.