How much power draw are you looking at? Are you using a standard arudio or something else?
Your link on building a solar charged arudio is overly complex if you instead use AA Nimh batteries.
Below I will cover how I build a solar charger. Very simple and works. Trying to get those fancy battery banks to work has seemed like too much work. In addition once you have hacked it into working some people complain that the voltage fluctuates and hurts their radio transmission power.
If you optimize things right you will probably be looking at less than a few ma load. If that is the case a battery box with AA batteries and a power limiter for the Arduino will work just fine for a power supply. To charge the batteries in the box just add some small solar panels with a diode. Adjust them and the number of batteries in the box to match 1/20C(some people claim 1/10C works fine for a trickle charge, I have not tested that to say, I know 1/20 works).
To be clear.
to make a 3.3 volt power system I use.
1 Battery box for 3 AA batteries.
Small solar panels. Needs to be rated for more than the fully charged voltage, plus the voltage drop of a diode. Three fully charged EBL(that is a brand that has more power in AA or AAA batteries than it normally should as they are slightly oversized) 3 EBL Nimh batteries is around 4.5V Then .5v for the diode. That means need a panel that makes at least 5v. I generally run with 5.5v or 6v so they charge a little longer. The batteries will pull the volts down so a little higher rating on the panel does not seem to hurt.
To figure the amps, need to know the draw that your project is going to have so you can scale the batteries to fit your project. I have a project that is drawing around 10ma constant with surges of 100ma. Average is less than 15ma. Figure the panel only makes the full rating for 4 hours or so.
15ma times 24 hours = 360ma needs to be replaced every day
360/4 hours = 90ma needs to be replaced into the batteries while the sun shines the brightest.
Figure in some inefficiencies and 120ma will probably be barely enough for the load. So we need at least 120ma from the panels.
Some times the sun does not shine and other things go wrong so having extra battery space is nice. Plus if you have enough battery capacity you can just trickle charge Nimh batteries at less than 1/20C.
With that in mind I tend to grab 3 EBL batteries with 2800mAh.
What is 1/20 of 2800mAh?
That is 140ma plus the 10ma that is being used. Some people claim that 1/10C works fine. I rather not push it so I shoot for the 1/20 and if it gets up to 1/15 for a short while I do not worry.
What all of that means is we are looking for a 5.5-6V panel that makes at least 150ma for 4 hours up to an extremely safe 150ma max. Testing shows the panels very rarely get anywhere close to the full rating. So what I do is grab 3 100ma panels. Point one east, one south and one west. In those conditions that greatly extends the time the panels make power so the 4 hours is a lot longer. Then with them pointing in different directions only one panel will be anywhere close to full power at a time. I normally see 50-150ma for 8 hours with the above setup.
Grab 3 1n5817 diodes(or most any other diode)
Oh and a voltage regulator to make sure the Arduino clone that uses 3.3 volts only ever sees 3.3 volts I use MCP1702. Very low drop out. It is in fact better than just wiring straight to the batteries in low current uses.
Wire it all together and you have a power supply for less than $15 and most of the cost will be in the batteries which can be changed in a few years if needed.
If you need to scale it up add two boxes to try and keep close to the 1/20C or less on the batteries. If you need 5 volts instead use 5 batteries to get the voltage a bit higher and use a MCP1702-5002E for the voltage regulator.
EDIT:if going to 5V I would be looking for 8-9volt solar panels, they are on Ebay and other places.
I read your links, a very interesting project. Sister saw me reading the links and told me to order the scale for a birthday present and to build the project for one of our hives. So I will be building one in the near future.
Have you built any part of this yet? I am wondering how a person puts a humidity sensor in a hive without the bees plugging it up.