Your picture does not show what the LEDs are attached to, or how they are connected. Additionally, your schematic is an idealized picture which leaves out the real world data of what else you have hooked up there. Coulka's guess that you are actually powering from the serial pins is significant if that is so. Without an EXACT schematic (not 'a scheme from another circuit without bluetooth that shows exactly how I've arranged the leds') of your circuit, everyone is only guessing. Please draw out all of the connections and parts. Only then will people be able to logic the problem out.
If you are worried about someone here stealing your circuit, don't. Folks here have a LOT of experience, and have already seen something just like yours. They didn't steal that one, and they won't steal yours. (And if it turns out that you DO have something unique, think of all the internet glory you will amass from showing it off!)