Ultrasonic Sensor HC-SR04 controlling

Im a total noob on Arduino staff so any suggestions for improvement are very welcome.
I have created the follwing scetch that displays and evaluates data derived from an ultrasonic Sensor HC-SR04. I have also attached a fritizing drawing. I wish this might help someone.

/*
Aronis Projects
This Project Uses Arduino, an Ultrasonic (HC-SR04) sensor, a servo motor
and a LCD 16x02.
Data from the HC-SR04 sensor is translated via ultrasonic library and displayed on the LCD (again using the LCD library).
If the distance from target is equal or below 3 cm then the servo motor moves 180 degrees. When the distance gets greater than
3 cm then the motor moves to its starting position.
The circuit:

  • LCD RS pin to digital pin 2
  • LCD Enable pin to digital pin 3
  • LCD D4 pin to digital pin 4
  • LCD D5 pin to digital pin 5
  • LCD D6 pin to digital pin 6
  • LCD D7 pin to digital pin 7
  • LCD R/W pin to ground
  • 10K variable resistor:
  • ends to +5V and ground
  • wiper to LCD VO pin (pin 3)
  • Servo motor signal terminal connects to arduino digital pin 11.
  • HC-SR04 Trigger pin hooks to digital pin 12
  • HC-SR04 Echo pin to digital pin 13

*/

// include the library code:
#include <LiquidCrystal.h>
// include the ultrasonic library
#include “Ultrasonic.h”
// ultrasonic trig pin at digital pin 12 and echo pin at digital 13
Ultrasonic ultrasonic(12,13);
// initialize the library with the numbers of the interface pins
LiquidCrystal lcd(2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7);

// include the servo library
#include <Servo.h>
Servo myservo; // create servo object to control a servo
int pos = 0; // define position as integer
int change = 0; // variable to avoid constant use of the servo

void setup() {
myservo.attach(11); // attaches the servo on pin 11 to the servo object
// set up the LCD’s number of columns and rows:
lcd.begin(16, 2);
// Print a message to the LCD.
lcd.print(“ARONIS PROJECTS!”);
lcd.setCursor(0,1); // Go to the second line
lcd.print("****************");
delay(3000); // wait 3 secs
lcd.clear(); // Clear screen
// Print standard message
lcd.setCursor(0, 0);
lcd.print(“Distance from”);
lcd.setCursor(0,1);
lcd.print(“target=”);

}

void loop() {
pos = ultrasonic.Ranging(CM); // Get the distance from sensor
lcd.setCursor(8,1);
lcd.print(ultrasonic.Ranging(CM));
lcd.print("cm ");
delay(100);

if (change == 0 && pos<= 3) {
myservo.write(170);
change = 1;
}
if (change == 1 && pos> 3) {
myservo.write(1);
change = 0;
}
}

Lcd_servo_ultrasonic.fzz (9.64 KB)

Looks like a nice example.
I would recommend:

Change the ‘change’ type to a boolean it more closely reflects what its being used for.
Also you use ‘pos’ to store the sensor value used in calculations. You should re-use ‘pos’ to send to the display also as re-reading the sensor can produce odd results ( screen says <= 3 but pos says 4 ).

EDIT:

Also I think the library ( ultrasonic ) may return floats ( decimal numbers ).
By using an int the decimal places are dropped off. ( 1.99 is not rounded up to 2 )
Then again, it may only return int values.

When you have success in using HC-SR04 could post if possible how far away you could get. I have one that is only 1.5 meters and the manual should be 4 meters. thank you Edson

I use this program in a Arduino 2560

/* HC-SR04 Ping distance sensor] VCC to arduino 5v GND to arduino GND echo pin 22 trigger pin 24 */

int echoPin = 22; int trigPin = 24;

void setup() { Serial.begin (9600); pinMode(trigPin, OUTPUT); pinMode(echoPin, INPUT); }

void loop() { unsigned long duration, cm; digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW); delayMicroseconds(10); digitalWrite(trigPin, HIGH); delayMicroseconds(20); digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW); duration = pulseIn(echoPin, HIGH); cm = duration / 29 / 2; /* Sound velocity=29cm/microsec, then divide by 2 because of the return time */ Serial.print(cm); Serial.println(" cm"); delay(1000); }

I managed 3 metres with mine, above that was erratic. The humidity level and other variables may have an effect on its maximum distance.

http://www.maxbotix.com/documents/MB1000_Datasheet.pdf Have you ever used the maxbotix? The circuit is so simple to do everthing that promise. Thanks Edson