Watermeter counter on browser

Hi I have a water meter that closes a reed switch every 10 litres
I want to be able to read the meter from my browser
I have tried to join the button sketch and webserver sketch from http://arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/WebServer
Both sketches work fine before I join them
What I want to do is have a pulsed input on pin5 that counts up after 10 litres and shows the count on my browser
I am using a duemilanove and an Arduino genuine ethernet shield

Using attached sketch I can see counter and it counts up only when I refresh browser whilst grounding pin 5

If I ground pin5 a couple of times and then refresh browser it doesn’t count

Any advise gratefully appreciated

/*
  Web  Server
 
 A simple web server that shows the value of the digital input pins.
 using an Arduino Wiznet Ethernet shield.
 
 Circuit:
 * Ethernet shield attached to pins 10, 11, 12, 13
 * digital inputs attached to pins A0 through A5 (optional)
 
 created 18 Dec 2009
 by David A. Mellis
 modified 4 Sep 2010
 by Tom Igoe
 
 */
int LED = 11;
int Button = 5;
int value = 0;
int counter = 3;
int lastbuttonstate = 7;

#include <SPI.h>
#include <Ethernet.h>

// Enter a MAC address and IP address for your controller below.
// The IP address will be dependent on your local network:
byte mac[] = { 
  0xDE, 0xAD, 0xBE, 0xEF, 0xFE, 0xED };
byte ip[] = { 
  192,168,1, 25 };

// Initialize the Ethernet server library
// with the IP address and port you want to use
// (port 80 is default for HTTP):
Server server(80);

void setup()
{
  // start the Ethernet connection and the server:
  Ethernet.begin(mac, ip);
  server.begin();

  Serial.begin(9600);                  // Sets the baud rate to 9600
  pinMode(LED, OUTPUT);              // initializes digital pin 13 as output
  pinMode(Button, INPUT);                // initializes digital pin 10 as input

}

void loop()
{
  // listen for incoming clients
  Client client = server.available();
  if (client) {
    // an http request ends with a blank line
    boolean currentLineIsBlank = true;
    while (client.connected()) {
      if (client.available()) {
        char c = client.read();
        // if you've gotten to the end of the line (received a newline
        // character) and the line is blank, the http request has ended,
        // so you can send a reply
        if (c == '\n' && currentLineIsBlank) {
          // send a standard http response header
          client.println("HTTP/1.1 200 OK");
          client.println("Content-Type: text/html");
          client.println();

          value = digitalRead(Button);   // reads the value at a digital input
          digitalWrite(LED, value);   

          if(value != lastbuttonstate){
            if(value == 1){
              counter++;
              
              
              Serial.println(counter, DEC);
              Serial.write(11);
              Serial.write(5);


            }
          }        


          lastbuttonstate = value;  

          // output the value of each digital input pin
          for (int digitalChannel = 0; digitalChannel < 6; digitalChannel++) {
            client.print("digital input ");
            client.print(digitalChannel);
            client.print(" is ");
            client.print(digitalRead(digitalChannel));
            client.println("
");

            client.print(counter, DEC);
            client.println("
");
            client.print(digitalRead(Button));
            client.println("
");

          
          }
          break;
        }
        if (c == '\n') {
          // you're starting a new line
          currentLineIsBlank = true;
        }
        else if (c != '\r') {
          // you've gotten a character on the current line
          currentLineIsBlank = false;
        }
      }
    }
    // give the web browser time to receive the data
    delay(1);
    // close the connection:
    client.stop();
  }
}

Any advise / links to a similar project gratefully appreciated
Maurice

You better read the sensor with an interrupt routine. - http://www.arduino.cc/en/Reference/AttachInterrupt - and increase the counter after every pulse. Then the main loop can just be your webserver. I tinkered a bit with your code with this result,

connect the pulse from the watersensor to pin 2 (interrupt 0).

(Code compiles but not tested)

/*
  Web  Server
 
 A simple web server that shows the value of the digital input pins.
 using an Arduino Wiznet Ethernet shield.
 
 Circuit:
 * Ethernet shield attached to pins 10, 11, 12, 13
 * digital inputs attached to pins A0 through A5 (optional)
 
 created 18 Dec 2009
 by David A. Mellis
 modified 4 Sep 2010
 by Tom Igoe
 
 */
int LED = 11;

int value = 0;

int lastbuttonstate = 7;

#include <SPI.h>
#include <Ethernet.h>

// Enter a MAC address and IP address for your controller below.
// The IP address will be dependent on your local network:
byte mac[] = { 
  0xDE, 0xAD, 0xBE, 0xEF, 0xFE, 0xED };
byte ip[] = { 
  192,168,1, 25 };

// Initialize the Ethernet server library
// with the IP address and port you want to use
// (port 80 is default for HTTP):
Server server(80);

volatile unsigned long counter = 0;

void IRQ()
{
  counter++;
  digitalWrite(LED, !digitalRead(LED));   // inverse the LED
}


void setup()
{
  // start the Ethernet connection and the server:
  Ethernet.begin(mac, ip);
  server.begin();

  Serial.begin(9600); 
  pinMode(LED, OUTPUT);

  attachInterrupt(0, IRQ, FALLING);  // IRQ pin 2
}

void loop()
{
  // listen for incoming clients
  Client client = server.available();
  if (client) 
  {
    // an http request ends with a blank line
    boolean currentLineIsBlank = true;
    while (client.connected()) 
    {
      if (client.available()) 
      {
        char c = client.read();
        // if you've gotten to the end of the line (received a newline
        // character) and the line is blank, the http request has ended,
        // so you can send a reply
        if (c == '\n' && currentLineIsBlank) 
        {
          // send a standard http response header
          client.println("HTTP/1.1 200 OK");
          client.println("Content-Type: text/html");
          client.println();

          // output the value of each digital input pin
          for (int digitalChannel = 0; digitalChannel < 6; digitalChannel++) 
          {
            client.print("digital input ");
            client.print(digitalChannel);
            client.print(" is ");
            client.print(digitalRead(digitalChannel));
            client.println("
");

            client.print(counter, DEC);
            client.println("
");
            client.print(digitalRead(2));  // the IRQ line
            client.println("
");
          }
          break;
        }
        if (c == '\n') {
          // you're starting a new line
          currentLineIsBlank = true;
        }
        else if (c != '\r') {
          // you've gotten a character on the current line
          currentLineIsBlank = false;
        }
      }
    }
    // give the web browser time to receive the data
    delay(10);
    // close the connection:
    client.stop();
  }
}

Dank je wel

I tried your code and it works very well, except I note that

  • the LED attached to pin 11 doesn't change state (Should it?)
  • the switch is extremely sensitive and often gives a count >1

I see that I cant add a delay to attachinterrupt to make pin D2 less sensitive
But I am going to keep with it and try and improve it
I will also need to multiply the counter x 10 to make it read litres
Thanks again
Maurice

the LED attached to pin 11 doesn’t change state (Should it?)

it should change every pulse, the ! before the digitalRead(LED) should inverse the output. Have you connected the LED correctly?

the switch is extremely sensitive and often gives a count >1

interrupts are famous for their sensotivity, but you can tune it a bit.

volatile unsigned long lastTime = 0;  // remember last IRQ
#define THRESHOLD 8               // I expect max 100 IRQ's per second so if they are shorter than 8 millis after another its a false alert :)
void IRQ()
{
  if (millis() - lastTime < THRESHOLD) 
  {
    lastTime = millis();
    return; 
  }
  counter++;
  digitalWrite(LED, !digitalRead(LED));   // inverse the LED
}

I will also need to multiply the counter x 10 to make it read litres

You only need that during display:

client.print(counter * 10, DEC);

Hi Rob,
Thanks for your help
I tried your suggestions and I still can’t get it to work.

I moved the LED to pin 13 and it still doesn’t change state when switch is closed or opens
I tried the threshold at 8 , 80 , 800, 8000 but my readings still go up >1
Because the meter reads 1 pulse for every 10litres I would expect a max of 1 pulse / 5 seconds
http://www.bes.co.uk/product/102~PL~1812~1812~-Pulsed-Water-Meters-For-Remote-Reading.html
The client.print(counter *10, DEC); works fine
I have a 1kohm resistor between pin 2 and GND
I have the magnetic switch between 5v and pin 2

I am presuming that “IRQ pin 2” is actually Digital I/O pin 2 on the Duemilanove

/*
  Web  Server
 
 A simple web server that shows the value of the digital input pins.
 using an Arduino Wiznet Ethernet shield.
 
 Circuit:
 * Ethernet shield attached to pins 10, 11, 12, 13
 * digital inputs attached to pins A0 through A5 (optional)
 
 created 18 Dec 2009
 by David A. Mellis
 modified 4 Sep 2010
 by Tom Igoe
 
 */
int LED = 13;

int value = 0;

int lastbuttonstate = 0;

#include <SPI.h>
#include <Ethernet.h>

// Enter a MAC address and IP address for your controller below.
// The IP address will be dependent on your local network:
byte mac[] = { 
  0xDE, 0xAD, 0xBE, 0xEF, 0xFE, 0xED };
byte ip[] = { 
  192,168,1, 25 };

// Initialize the Ethernet server library
// with the IP address and port you want to use
// (port 80 is default for HTTP):
Server server(80);

volatile unsigned long counter = 0;
volatile unsigned long lastTime = 0;  // remember last IRQ
#define THRESHOLD 8      
// I expect max 100 IRQ's per second so if they are shorter than 8 millis after another its a false alert :)


void IRQ()
{
  if (millis() - lastTime < THRESHOLD) 
  {
    lastTime = millis();
    return; 
  }
  counter++;
  digitalWrite(LED, !digitalRead(LED));   // inverse the LED
}


void setup()
{
  // start the Ethernet connection and the server:
  Ethernet.begin(mac, ip);
  server.begin();

  Serial.begin(9600); 
  pinMode(LED, OUTPUT);

  attachInterrupt(0, IRQ, FALLING);  // IRQ pin 2
}

void loop()
{
  // listen for incoming clients
  Client client = server.available();
  if (client) 
  {
    // an http request ends with a blank line
    boolean currentLineIsBlank = true;
    while (client.connected()) 
    {
      if (client.available()) 
      {
        char c = client.read();
        // if you've gotten to the end of the line (received a newline
        // character) and the line is blank, the http request has ended,
        // so you can send a reply
        if (c == '\n' && currentLineIsBlank) 
        {
          // send a standard http response header
          client.println("HTTP/1.1 200 OK");
          client.println("Content-Type: text/html");
          client.println();

          // output the value of each digital input pin
          for (int digitalChannel = 0; digitalChannel < 6; digitalChannel++) 
          {
            client.print("digital input ");
            client.print(digitalChannel);
            client.print(" is ");
            client.print(digitalRead(digitalChannel));
            client.println("
");

            client.print(counter *10, DEC);
            client.println("
");
            client.print(digitalRead(2));  // the IRQ line
            client.println("
");
          }
          break;
        }
        if (c == '\n') {
          // you're starting a new line
          currentLineIsBlank = true;
        }
        else if (c != '\r') {
          // you've gotten a character on the current line
          currentLineIsBlank = false;
        }
      }
    }
    // give the web browser time to receive the data
    delay(10);
    // close the connection:
    client.stop();
  }
}

Regards
Maurice

Pin 10-13 are used by the ethernetshield / SPI, did not think of it earlier

you should another free pin for the LED

Thanks Rob, for your quick reply
Changed LED to pin 8 and it when pulsed:
First time switches on LED
Second time switches off LED

However the readings using Tresholds between 8 to 800 still give wrong counts

Regards
Maurice

Because the meter reads 1 pulse for every 10litres I would expect a max of 1 pulse / 5 seconds

one pulse per 5 seconds == 1 pulse / 5000 millisec.

Change THRESHOLD to 2500 ==> meaning if a pulse comes in the next 2.5 seconds after one it is ignored

Max flow that will be detected is about 10L in 2.5 sec = 4 Liter/sec

3000, 3500, 4000, are other values to test

===========

If you got it working you can try the following (not earlier!!)

Change the line:

attachInterrupt(0, IRQ, CHANGE); // IRQ pin 2

That will give you two pulses per 10 Liter - not necessary one per 5 liter, but it might give you some extra accuracy. You should check the timing of the pulse edges
The THRESHOLD should become something like 1500 then BTW

sofar my 2 cents,
Rob

Thanks Rob, for all your suggestions and pointing me in the right direction

I got it working
This sketch counts pulses and shows the water meter reading on the web
It is based on a Duemilanove and a wiznet ethernet shield
The only connections are a 1K resistor from +5v to pin2 and the reed switch on the meter is connected between pin2 and ground

/*
  Water Meter Counter
 Web  Server
 
 A simple web server that shows the value of the digital input pins.
 using an Arduino Wiznet Ethernet shield.
 
 Circuit:
 * Ethernet shield attached to pins 10, 11, 12, 13
 * digital inputs attached to pins A0 through A5 (optional)
 
 created 18 Dec 2009
 by David A. Mellis
 modified 4 Sep 2010
 by Tom Igoe
 
 */
int LED = 7; // Led 13 doesnt work with ether shield
int Button = 2;
int value = 0;
int counter = 120; //initial water meter reading
int lastbuttonstate = 0;

#include <SPI.h>
#include <Ethernet.h>

// Enter a MAC address and IP address for your controller below.
// The IP address will be dependent on your local network:
byte mac[] = { 
  0xDE, 0xAD, 0xBE, 0xEF, 0xFE, 0xED };
byte ip[] = { 
  192,168,1, 25 };

// Initialize the Ethernet server library
// with the IP address and port you want to use
// (port 80 is default for HTTP):
Server server(80);

void setup()
{
  // start the Ethernet connection and the server:
  Ethernet.begin(mac, ip);
  server.begin();

  Serial.begin(9600);                  // Sets the baud rate to 9600
  pinMode(LED, OUTPUT);              // initializes digital pin 13 as output
  pinMode(Button, INPUT);                // initializes digital pin 10 as input


}

void loop()
{

  {
    value = digitalRead(Button);   // reads the value at a digital input
    digitalWrite(LED, value);   

    if(value != lastbuttonstate){
      if(value == 1){
        counter++;
        Serial.println(counter *10, DEC); // Litres for every pulse
        Serial.write(7);
        Serial.write(2);

      }
    }  
    lastbuttonstate = value;                         
  }
  // listen for incoming clients
  Client client = server.available();
  if (client) 
  {
    // an http request ends with a blank line
    boolean currentLineIsBlank = true;
    while (client.connected()) 
    {
      if (client.available()) 
      {
        char c = client.read();
        // if you've gotten to the end of the line (received a newline
        // character) and the line is blank, the http request has ended,
        // so you can send a reply
        if (c == '\n' && currentLineIsBlank) 
        {
          // send a standard http response header
          client.println("HTTP/1.1 200 OK");
          client.println("Content-Type: text/html");
          client.println();

          // output the value of each digital input pin
          for (int digitalChannel = 0; digitalChannel < 1; digitalChannel++) 
          {


            client.print("Watermeter Input ");
            client.print(digitalChannel);
            client.print(" is ");
            client.print(digitalRead(digitalChannel));
            client.println("
");

            client.print(counter *10, DEC);
            client.print("  Litres ");
            client.println("
");
            client.print(" Installation Date = 20/6/2011 ");

          }
          break;
        }
        if (c == '\n') {
          // you're starting a new line
          currentLineIsBlank = true;
        }
        else if (c != '\r') {
          // you've gotten a character on the current line
          currentLineIsBlank = false;
        }
      }
    }
    // give the web browser time to receive the data
    delay(10);
    // close the connection:
    client.stop();
  }
}

On my phone it looks like:

Watermeter Input 0 is 1
1210 Litres
Installation Date = 20/6/2011

Hope it helps someone else

Well done Maurice,

for readability you could add an extra level in loop()

void loop()
{
doMeasurement();
doEthernet();
}

Furthermore in your code you add the following change: (earlier discussed in IRQ version)

{
  value = digitalRead(Button);   // reads the value at a digital input
  digitalWrite(LED, value);   

  if(value != lastbuttonstate)
  {
    counter++;
    Serial.println(counter *5, DEC); // Litres for every pulse
    Serial.write(7);
    Serial.write(2);
  }  
  lastbuttonstate = value;                         
}

Then it will count (approx) per 5 liters…