Arduino Modbus RTU master not working

I want to use Arduino as a Mosbus RTU master in my project. For that I was using ModbusRtu library and configured for Master and using Modbus poll software on PC to check the data.

Board : Arduino Nano
RS485 Module : MAX485 Module
Library :
ModbusRTU

Code :

/**
 *  Modbus master example 2:
 *  The purpose of this example is to query several sets of data
 *  from an external Modbus slave device. 
 *  The link media can be USB or RS232.
 *
 *  Recommended Modbus slave: 
 *  diagslave http://www.modbusdriver.com/diagslave.html
 *
 *  In a Linux box, run 
 *  "./diagslave /dev/ttyUSB0 -b 19200 -d 8 -s 1 -p none -m rtu -a 1"
 * 	This is:
 * 		serial port /dev/ttyUSB0 at 19200 baud 8N1
 *		RTU mode and address @1
 */

#include <ModbusRtu.h>

uint16_t au16data[16]; //!< data array for modbus network sharing
uint8_t u8state; //!< machine state
uint8_t u8query; //!< pointer to message query

/**
 *  Modbus object declaration
 *  u8id : node id = 0 for master, = 1..247 for slave
 *  port : serial port
 *  u8txenpin : 0 for RS-232 and USB-FTDI 
 *               or any pin number > 1 for RS-485
 */
Modbus master(0,Serial,2); // this is master and RS-232 or USB-FTDI

/**
 * This is an structe which contains a query to an slave device
 */
modbus_t telegram[2];

unsigned long u32wait;

void setup() {
  // telegram 0: read registers
  telegram[0].u8id = 1; // slave address
  telegram[0].u8fct = 3; // function code (this one is registers read)
  telegram[0].u16RegAdd = 0; // start address in slave
  telegram[0].u16CoilsNo = 4; // number of elements (coils or registers) to read
  telegram[0].au16reg = au16data; // pointer to a memory array in the Arduino

  // telegram 1: write a single register
  telegram[1].u8id = 1; // slave address
  telegram[1].u8fct = 6; // function code (this one is write a single register)
  telegram[1].u16RegAdd = 4; // start address in slave
  telegram[1].u16CoilsNo = 1; // number of elements (coils or registers) to read
  telegram[1].au16reg = au16data+4; // pointer to a memory array in the Arduino

  Serial.begin( 9600 ); // baud-rate at 19200
  master.start();
  master.setTimeOut( 5000 ); // if there is no answer in 5000 ms, roll over
  u32wait = millis() + 1000;
  u8state = u8query = 0; 
}

void loop() {
  switch( u8state ) {
  case 0: 
    if (millis() > u32wait) u8state++; // wait state
    break;
  case 1: 
    master.query( telegram[u8query] ); // send query (only once)
    u8state++;
	u8query++;
	if (u8query > 2) u8query = 0;
    break;
  case 2:
    master.poll(); // check incoming messages
    if (master.getState() == COM_IDLE) {
      u8state = 0;
      u32wait = millis() + 1000; 
    }
    break;
  }

  au16data[4] = analogRead( 0 );
  
}

I have attached the configuration screenshot for reference.



serial_port_setting

@embedded_arduino, your topic has been moved to a more suitable location on the forum. Introductory Tutorials is for tutorials that e.g. you write, not for questions. Feel free to write a tutorial once you have solved your problem :wink: