ASCII to BINARY

So, for the past couple of days, I've been trying to make an ALU, now that I have done that, I fell like inputting numbers as binary numbers through switches is not very appealing and to some users, not even user compatible. Hence, I've been trying to create a way so that I can input values through a touch screen and get them back through the touch screen as well. Everything seems to be working however, I can't find a way to convert numbers to binary in the Arduino.

Guess you should always go through the examples… Srry

/*
ASCII table

Prints out byte values in all possible formats:

  • as raw binary values
  • as ASCII-encoded decimal, hex, octal, and binary values

For more on ASCII, see http://www.asciitable.com and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ASCII

The circuit: No external hardware needed.

created 2006
by Nicholas Zambetti http://www.zambetti.com
modified 9 Apr 2012
by Tom Igoe

This example code is in the public domain.

*/

void setup() {
//Initialize serial and wait for port to open:
Serial.begin(9600);
while (!Serial) {
; // wait for serial port to connect. Needed for native USB port only
}

// prints title with ending line break
Serial.println(“ASCII Table ~ Character Map”);
}

// first visible ASCIIcharacter ‘!’ is number 33:
int thisByte = 33;
// you can also write ASCII characters in single quotes.
// for example, ‘!’ is the same as 33, so you could also use this:
// int thisByte = ‘!’;

void loop() {
// prints value unaltered, i.e. the raw binary version of the byte.
// The Serial Monitor interprets all bytes as ASCII, so 33, the first number,
// will show up as ‘!’
Serial.write(thisByte);

Serial.print(", dec: ");
// prints value as string as an ASCII-encoded decimal (base 10).
// Decimal is the default format for Serial.print() and Serial.println(),
// so no modifier is needed:
Serial.print(thisByte);
// But you can declare the modifier for decimal if you want to.
// this also works if you uncomment it:

// Serial.print(thisByte, DEC);

Serial.print(", hex: ");
// prints value as string in hexadecimal (base 16):
Serial.print(thisByte, HEX);

Serial.print(", oct: ");
// prints value as string in octal (base 8);
Serial.print(thisByte, OCT);

Serial.print(", bin: ");
// prints value as string in binary (base 2) also prints ending line break:
Serial.println(thisByte, BIN);

// if printed last visible character ‘~’ or 126, stop:
if (thisByte == 126) { // you could also use if (thisByte == ‘~’) {
// This loop loops forever and does nothing
while (true) {
continue;
}
}
// go on to the next character
thisByte++;
}

How are your "numbers" encoded (octal, decimal, hex...)?