I find it really hard to believe that you didn't learn "Arduino" programming. Electrical/Electronic Engineering requires that you learn at least C programming. So if you don't recognize C programming or have absolutely no knowledge of C programming, then you are going to have a rough time doing this project. Your professor obviously taught you some C programming, otherwise why give a project if you never covered the material?
Another thing, you want to use an Android app to control everything, ok, but what app? Making your own app requires you to know Java. Do you know Java?
If you are completely new to Arduino, then the best thing you can do is buy a C/C++ programming book, and start from page one. You also have example sketches provided with the Arduino software, try them all and take notes.
At the moment, this project is completely out of your reach. But if you have the time and are willing to learn, you will eventually be able to do it.