digitalWrite() not working with 7 segment display

Hello people! I want to make an animation with a 7 segment display.
I've a problem when I want to turn on a display, digitalWrite() method doesn't work.
Here's my circuit design:

And here's my code:

// variables
byte pins[] = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 };

const byte Segments[] =
  0b11000000, // 0
  0b11001111, // 1
  0b10100100, // 2
  0b10000110, // 3
  0b10001011, // 4
  0b10010010, // 5
  0b10010000, // 6
  0b11000111, // 7
  0b10000000, // 8
  0b10000011, // 9

void setup()
  for(int i = 0; i < sizeof(pins); i++)
  	pinMode(pins[i], OUTPUT);

void loop()
  for(int i = 0; i < sizeof(Segments); i++)

void SetDisplay(byte shownNumber){
  byte segments = Segments[shownNumber];
  for (int i = 0; i < sizeof(segments); i++){
  	digitalWrite(pins[i], segments & (0x40 >> i));

Is the display a common anode display?

Is that writing a LOW to the segments that you want lit?
A Serial print there might shed some light (:slight_smile: pun intended).
You will need a Serial.begin(baud) in setup to use the serial port.

Don't use pin 1 for a segment. It is the serial TX pin.

Real, or simulated hardware?

I forget that we have to ask that, nowadays.

Isn't the size always going to be 1 byte?


byte pins[] = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 };

And your picture show you are using pin 1 of the UNO, this is the Tx pin of the UNO that is used with pin 0 to program your code.
I would suggest you use these pins and reconfigure your circuit.

byte pins[] = { 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 };

Tom... :smiley: :+1: :coffee: :australia:


Yes, it is a common anode display.
Then, I want to write a HIGH statement.
Lastly, I'll change pin 1 for another.
Thanks @groundFungus !

You got the wrong size:

sizeof() returns strictly the compile-time size in bytes of a variable or type.

BTW thanks for posting code and circuit up-front, makes this an easy solution (I hope)!

Thank you Tom!

Ba ba bing.

If it is a common anode display, you must write a LOW to light a segment.

`sizeof (segments)' is 1 so this only goes through one of the seven bits. Try:

void SetDisplay(byte shownNumber){
  byte segments = Segments[shownNumber];
  for (int i = 0; i < 7; i++){
  	digitalWrite(pins[i], segments & (0x40 >> i));

Have you READ posts #5, #9, #13... ?

There is no delay anywhere, it is going to look like all segments are on but dimmed when you get it working

I didn't know that

You're right. Thanks for your code, I copied it for another post. I didn't know some binary operators, interesting.

Yes, you're right. The size is always going to be 1.

I've just add it and it works better.