# Maximum Analog Input current - UNO R3 Board

Hi people,

I was studying one project (Project #6 at Arduino Workshop from John Boxall, 2013) and then I saw a 2k2 resistor before analog input on UNO R3 Board. That make me curious about the maximum current supported at the analog pins. I've already googled a lot and searched here but no answer at all.

Thank you for any advice.

The analog input acts like a capacitor. The capacitor is charged up from the input each time you take a reading. The datasheet gives you some numbers to calculate this current.

For most practical purposes, the value is zero. It takes almost no current from your circuit.

The analogue inputs are a high resistance, and will draw very little current.

The sample and hold circuit, which determines which of the six analogue inputs is connected to the single analogue to digital converter, at any one time is optimised for use with analogue circuits with an output impedance of 10kΩ or less. The 2.2kΩ you have seen on a circuit diagram will ensure that this condition is met.

See section 23 of the ATmega328P Datasheet for more details.

23.6.1 Analog Input Circuitry The analog input circuitry for single ended channels is illustrated in Figure 23-8. An analog source applied to ADCn is subjected to the pin capacitance and input leakage of that pin, regardless of whether that channel is selected as input for the ADC. When the channel is selected, the source must drive the S/H capacitor through the series resistance (combined resistance in the input path). The ADC is optimized for analog signals with an output impedance of approximately 10 kΩ or less. If such a source is used, the sampling time will be negligible. If a source with higher impedance is used, the sampling time will depend on how long time the source needs to charge the S/H capacitor, with can vary widely. The user is recommended to only use low impedance sources with slowly varying signals, since this minimizes the required charge transfer to the S/H capacitor. Signal components higher than the Nyquist frequency (fADC/2) should not be present for either kind of channels, to avoid distortion from unpredictable signal convolution. The user is advised to remove high frequency components with a low-pass filter before applying the signals as inputs to the ADC.