Problem for reading and writting I2C Eeprom 24c02 6

Hello.

I’m doing my first step working with I2C Eeprom and I can’t get it working.

For my test, I’m using a 24C02 6 and I’m using this Sketch

#include <Wire.h>     // for I2C
#define i2caddr 0x50    // device address for left-hand chip on our breadboard
byte d=0; // data to store in or read from the EEPROM

void setup()
{
  Serial.begin(9600); // Initialize the serial line
  Wire.begin();         // wake up the I2C
 
  Serial.println("Writing data...");
  for (int i=0; i<20; i++)
  {
    writeData(i,i);
  }
  Serial.println("DONE");
  Serial.println("Reading data...");
  for (int i=0; i<20; i++)
  {
    Serial.print(i);
    Serial.print(" : ");
    d=readData(i);
    Serial.println(d, DEC);
  }
  Serial.println("DONE");

}

// writes a byte of data in memory location addr
void writeData(unsigned int addr, byte data) 
{
  Wire.beginTransmission(i2caddr);
  // set the pointer position
  Wire.write((int)(addr >> 8));
  Wire.write((int)(addr & 0xFF));
  Wire.write(data);
  Wire.endTransmission();
  delay(10);
}

// reads a byte of data from memory location addr
byte readData(unsigned int addr) 
{
  byte result;
  Wire.beginTransmission(i2caddr);
  // set the pointer position
  Wire.write((int)(addr >> 8));
  Wire.write((int)(addr & 0xFF));
  Wire.endTransmission();
  Wire.requestFrom(i2caddr,1); // get the byte of data
  result = Wire.read();
  return result;
}

void loop()
{
}

My circuit is as on the picture attached :

It gives me only 255 value faor all Bytes !!!
I’ve tried with another Eeprom (from the printer chip I’m trying to reprogram) and it would give me the same value 255 on each Byte.

Is there anything I’m doing wrong ?

Is there anything I'm doing wrong ?

Does your code really look like that? Try again.

Read this before posting a programming question

Don't use "copy for forum" in the IDE. Just select the code, copy it, and paste it here, inside code tags.

Thanks for the advice.

I modified it. Yes it looks much better.

Best regards.

I can't see anything obviously wrong. Try running my I2C scanner and see what it reports:

http://www.gammon.com.au/forum/?id=10896&reply=6#reply6

Hello Nick

It gives :

I2C scanner. Scanning ... Found address: 80 (0x50) Done. Found 1 device(s).

I've test another one in SOIC package and I get : I2C scanner. Scanning ... Found address: 80 (0x50) Found address: 81 (0x51) Done. Found 2 device(s).

But when I try to write and read, there is only 255 in each Byte.

In the readData function try this instead of endTransmission():

  Wire.endTransmission(1);

Pete

Unfortunately, no change El Supreremo!

still 255 all the time !

  Wire.write((int)(addr >> 8));
  Wire.write((int)(addr & 0xFF));

After going to the trouble of splitting the int address into low order byte and high order byte, why are you then casting the bytes to ints?

The 24c02 only has 256 bytes. It only uses one byte of addressing so you would have to address it like this:

  Wire.beginTransmission(i2caddr);
  // set the pointer position
  Wire.write((int)(addr & 0xFF));
  Wire.write(data);
  Wire.endTransmission();

I don't know if it needs the repeated start bit. If the above doesn't work, try it with Wire.endTransmission(1)

Pete

1 Like

From the datasheet:

WRITE PROTECT (WP): The AT24C01A/02/04/08A/16A has a Write Protect pin that provides hardware data protection. The Write Protect pin allows normal Read/Write operations when connected to ground (GND).

How do you have the write protect pin wired?

From the datasheet:

BYTE WRITE: A write operation requires an 8-bit data word address following the device address word and acknowledgment. Upon receipt of this address, the EEPROM will again respond with a zero and then clock in the first 8-bit data word. Following receipt of the 8-bit data word, the EEPROM will output a zero and the addressing device, such as a microcontroller, must terminate the write sequence with a stop condi- tion. At this time the EEPROM enters an internally timed write cycle, tWR, to the nonvolatile memory. All inputs are disabled during this write cycle and the EEPROM will not respond until the write is complete (see Figure 8 on page 11).

The way I read that, you send the low-order address and the data. You are sending two bytes of address and then the data.

Ditto for the read (see Figure 11). You should send one byte of address, then do a requestFrom.

Well, thanks for your answers but I'm at the very beginning with this I2C EEPROM and you get me a little bet lost.

PaulS; I'm just using a Sketch found somewhere on the web. As it is my very first go with I2C EEPROM, I'm not really understanding the code actually. And I'm not a programmer, so till now I've been mostly copying different pieces of code and modifying some part, then look what was happening.

Nick Gammon ; The WP pin is to GND, so writing should be allowed.

You are talking about 2 Bytes of address that should be replaced by a only 1Byte address because the 24C02 has only 256 memory blocks. (if I understand well) I've seen something talking about LSB and MSB concerning the address. So I think, you might be talking about something that has to do with this. Is that right ?

But can you notice, on a previous message when I'm using Nick I2C Scanner on 2 different EEPROM, I got : For the 24C02 : I2C scanner. Scanning ... Found address: 80 (0x50) Done. Found 1 device(s).

I've tested another one in SOIC package (Reference unreadable) and I get : I2C scanner. Scanning ... Found address: 80 (0x50) Found address: 81 (0x51) Done. Found 2 device(s).

So, I deduce that the 2nd EEPROM was more than 256Bytes and needs an address on 2 byte (LSB and MSB)

Fortunately, we can see what happen on 2 examples. (2kB or more) Unfortunately, the Write/Read sketch don't work for both !

I hope I'm clear enough as I'm a beginner and English is not my first language.

Many thanks for your help.

So, I deduce that the 2nd EEPROM was more than 256Bytes and needs an address on 2 byte (LSB and MSB)

No, the device address is the extra address bit.

Please post your code with the suggested modifications in it.

Well seen Miran Ligowyr !
Sorry, I’m guilty, I haven’t properly done the modification.
I haven’t neutralised the “Wire.write((int)(addr >> 8));” piece of code and then I’ve done it for the readData subroutine but not for the “writeData” subroutine.

Here is the code and now it works great !

#include <Wire.h>     // for I2C
#define i2caddr 0x50    // device address for left-hand chip on our breadboard
byte d=0; // data to store in or read from the EEPROM

void setup()
{
  Serial.begin(9600); // Initialize the serial line
  Wire.begin();         // wake up the I2C
 
  Serial.println("Writing data...");
  for (int i=0; i<20; i++)
  {
    writeData(i,i);
  }
  Serial.println("DONE");
  Serial.println("Reading data...");
  for (int i=0; i<20; i++)
  {
    Serial.print(i);
    Serial.print(" : ");
    d=readData(i);
    Serial.println(d, DEC);
  }
  Serial.println("DONE");

}

// writes a byte of data in memory location addr
void writeData(unsigned int addr, byte data) 
{
  Wire.beginTransmission(i2caddr);
  // set the pointer position
  //Wire.write((int)(addr >> 8));
  Wire.write((int)(addr & 0xFF));
  Wire.write(data);
  Wire.endTransmission(1);
  delay(10);
}

// reads a byte of data from memory location addr
byte readData(unsigned int addr) 
{
  byte result;
  Wire.beginTransmission(i2caddr);
  // set the pointer position
  //Wire.write((int)(addr >> 8));
  Wire.write((int)(addr & 0xFF));
  Wire.endTransmission(1);
  Wire.requestFrom(i2caddr,1); // get the byte of data
  result = Wire.read();
  return result;
}

void loop()
{
}

To see what happen,for the 24C02, I replaced “for (int i=0; i<20; i++)” with
"for (int i=0; i<260; i++)
and I got

Writing data…
DONE
Reading data…
0 : 0
1 : 1
2 : 2
3 : 3
4 : 4
.
.
.
252 : 252
253 : 253
254 : 254
255 : 255
256 : 0
257 : 1
258 : 2
259 : 3
DONE

At #256 step, it seems to be rewriting on the #0 Byte ?

I’m playing with this ans I’ll call you back later if needed.

Thanks so much for your help !

I expect it wrap at 256 because you can't fit more than 255 into one byte, so it is wrapping.

Which device do you have? (How many K bits?)

If you have the 2 K bit device (that is, 256 bytes) then you won't fit more than 256 bytes into it, so naturally it wraps.

Yes Nick, you might be right.

But as I wanted to try to write and read, I have a new issue.

The sketch I’m using :

#include <Wire.h>     // for I2C
#define i2caddr 0x50    // device address for left-hand chip on our breadboard
byte d=0; // data to store in or read from the EEPROM

void setup()
{
  Serial.begin(9600); // Initialize the serial line
  Wire.begin();         // wake up the I2C
 
  Serial.println("Writing data...");
  for (int i=0; i<255; i++)
  {
    writeData(i,i);
  }
  Serial.println("DONE");
  Serial.println("Reading data...");
  for (int i=0; i<255; i++)
  {
    Serial.print(i);
    Serial.print(" : ");
    d=readData(i);
    Serial.println(d, DEC);
  }
  Serial.println("DONE");

}

// writes a byte of data in memory location addr
void writeData(unsigned int addr, byte data) 
{
  Wire.beginTransmission(i2caddr);
  // set the pointer position
  //Wire.write((int)(addr >> 8));
  Wire.write((int)(addr & 0xFF));
  Wire.write(data);
  Wire.endTransmission(1);
  delay(10);
}

// reads a byte of data from memory location addr
byte readData(unsigned int addr) 
{
  byte result;
  Wire.beginTransmission(i2caddr);
  // set the pointer position
  //Wire.write((int)(addr >> 8));
  Wire.write((int)(addr & 0xFF));
  Wire.endTransmission(1);
  Wire.requestFrom(i2caddr,1); // get the byte of data
  result = Wire.read();
  return result;
}

void loop()
{
}

The result I got in the Serial monitor that I put in a spread sheet.
You can notice, all the Bytes seems not to be written as they should be.

I modified the 10ms delay in the “writeData” subroutine but nothing change even with 20ms delay instead !

Any Idea ?

24C02 result W R.ods (9.81 KB)

#define i2caddr 0x50    // device address for left-hand chip on our breadboard

This comment implies that you also have another eeprom connected as well. You can't have two devices with the same address on the bus.

Pete

Hi Pete (El Supremo).

As I said, I'm at the very beginning with I2C EEPROM devices, so I've just copied the code from the web without really understanding what is happening.

You're right about the comment, but I have only 1 EEPROM connected. So I think it doesn't really matter for my present issue.