[SOLVED] Motor takes 2-3 seconds to stop

I am trying to send the PWM values to the right and left motor from raspberry pi to Arduino. I noticed that the motors do not stop instantly as I stop sending data from pi.

I have double-checked this issue with the serial monitor too. Same problem.
The problem is if I send the PWM values just once, using a serial monitor, the motors do not for 2-3 seconds. Newbie here.

#define echoPin 3 // attach pin D2 Arduino to pin Echo of HC-SR04
#define trigPin 2 //attach pin D3 Arduino to pin Trig of HC-SR04

// Motor A connections
int enA = 9;
int in1 = 8;
int in2 = 7;
// Motor B connections
int enB = 6;
int in3 = 5;
int in4 = 4;

int pwm_for_motor_A =  0;
int pwm_for_motor_B = 0;

// defines variables
long duration; // variable for the duration of sound wave travel
int distance; // variable for the distance measurement

void setup() {
  pinMode(trigPin, OUTPUT); // Sets the trigPin as an OUTPUT
  pinMode(echoPin, INPUT); // Sets the echoPin as an INPUT
  Serial.begin(9600); // 
  // Set all the motor control pins to outputs
  pinMode(enA, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(enB, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(in1, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(in2, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(in3, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(in4, OUTPUT);
  
  // Turn off motors - Initial state
  digitalWrite(in1, LOW);
  digitalWrite(in2, HIGH);
  digitalWrite(in3, HIGH);
  digitalWrite(in4, LOW);
}
void loop() {
  // Clears the trigPin condition
  digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW);
  // Sets the trigPin HIGH (ACTIVE) 
  digitalWrite(trigPin, HIGH);
  digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW);
  // Reads the echoPin, returns the sound wave travel time in microseconds
  duration = pulseIn(echoPin, HIGH);
  // Calculating the distance
  distance = duration * 0.034 / 2; 
  Serial.println(distance);

    speedControl();
  
}

// This function lets you control speed of the motors
void speedControl() { 
  if(Serial.available() > 0)
  { 
    pwm_for_motor_A = Serial.parseInt();
    pwm_for_motor_B = Serial.parseInt();
  }
  else
  {    
    pwm_for_motor_A = 0;
    pwm_for_motor_B = 0;
  }
  analogWrite(enA, pwm_for_motor_A);
  analogWrite(enB, pwm_for_motor_B);
}

Try Arduino reference and read about pulseIn! I can guess time might be lost there.

What motor driver are you using. If it's one of the antique L298N drivers then you probably have it in free running mode. If you want hard braking you need to switch to "Fast Stop" mode. It's all in the datasheet.

Steve

yes L298N it is. I read the datasheet. Unfortunately, I do not understand it. Should ENs be high? How do I enable fast stop?

On a side note, even if it is in a free-running mode, will it be causing a 2-3 second time to stop? or it this behavior something inherent to DC motors?

The parseInt function blocks until it gets an int or times out.

The armature has mechanical inertia, so it can't stop instantaneously. However, if you short out the two terminals it will brake electromagnetically. That's what the driver does in Fast Motor Stop. It still won't be instantaneous, but a lot quicker than just letting it freewheel to a stop.

This solved the problem! I set the timeout to 10ms instead of 1000ms (default). The motor stops quickly.
Thanks a lot.

Great!
Check the replies regarding the enable handling. To me it looks like a high, even permanent high, would contribute to fast stops.