I'm busy with modifying one of my previously made boards, and came across one question.
Right now this part of the circuit does a simple thing: SPDT switch changes channels of output. Signal (0-5V).
--Above example in the drawing--
What I would like to do is: to keep this functionality, but add a possibility to send a simple on/off state to Arduino, so Arduino would know what channel is running at the moment.
Of course would be easy to use DPDT switch instead, but thats not an option because all SPDT switches are already soldered on PCB. So I can only route those switches via relays (I have no other option in my mind right now). It's a modular thing, all switches are on one PCB and the rest of the circuit on the other PCB, I can basically manipulate anything that is between those.
And my question: is there any voltage drop via relay? Because the voltage of the signal is critical. It is musical stuff and basically it controls notes on the other end. 1V per Octave. It means that notes are changing every ~0.084V
Interesting point about ohms law, My 5v mechanical relays show 0.0 Ohms with a fluke multimeter, so voltage drop shouldn't be an issue with a good power supply. But using a mechanical relay you need to be aware that there is a short moment of poor contact, which can send voltage spikes though your circuit if not isolated. Might be the reason you don't often see this setup in audio.
I'm not sure what is low or high current in this situation, but it would be about 5 - 6mA
Actually I knew about that poor contact while switching, but I forgot about it. Good that you pointed that out! Mostly it would not be a problem because switching is made before any sound is played. But I have to think whether could be a situation when switching is made during playout. Hm...
You are absolutely right!
I didn't considered that yet, because I didn't go in the details for the other part of the circuit.
And you are right, there is no need of the dual action relay. Thanks!
First I would like to find out if a relay is at all a good option for me, and I will take Arduino side later on.
You might find this interesting. CD405xB
Might require significant update to your circuit, but low cost, make before break switching, works with signals centered at 0V (dual supply) or single supply operation.
These components certainly exist but I think in the 5v world the breakdown voltage is too low, or the gate signal is rather high. Do you have an example of a SSR that would be appropriate for this project? I think an AC SSR is a triac but maybe there are exceptions.
It is a type of opto-isolator, yes... Sometimes called photo FET optocouplers, in analogy with photodiode or phototransistor optocouplers. They are slow, note, and should behave close to resistive when on. The way they work is cunning, there's a series photodiode array lit by the emitter LED, and this generates enough voltage to turn on the FET(s) - like a tiny PV panel inside the thing.