Is there any type of antenna I can place on my board that will consume less space than having a pcb antenna or 3d antenna?
The frequency is 2.4GHz.
Let's back up a bit for a moment.
What wireless device are you planning to use?
Are you planning to buy a module with the wireless chip already installed on a PCB? They usually include an antenna, so I don't understand your "I can place on my board" - because the antenna will already be part of the module.
Conversely, if you have the competence to design and build your own PCB for a 2.4GHz wireless chip I would expect that competence to include a great deal of knowledge about antennas.
You can get ESP8266 WiFi modules with both PCB and ceramic antennas.
I have not seen an nRF24L01+ module with a ceramic antenna but I have sawed the PCB antenna off some nRF24L01+ modules and attached a short piece of wire as an antenna. I have only needed these for short range radio control so I have no idea how my modification would affect the range.