Error when trying to send an image via FTP from ESP32-CAM

I’m trying to create a remote ESP32-CAM that would upload the photos taken via FTP to a remote server:

void take_picture() {
  String getAll;
  String getBody;

  camera_fb_t * fb = NULL;
  fb = esp_camera_fb_get();
  if(!fb) {
    Serial.println("Camera capture failed");
    pictureTaken = false;
    delay(1000);
    ESP.restart();
  }
  else {
    Serial.println("Camera capture succeeded");
    pictureTaken = true;
    pictureUploaded = false;
  }

  // you can pass a FTP timeout and debbug mode on the last 2 arguments
  ESP32_FTPClient ftp (ftp_server,ftp_user,ftp_pass, 5000, 2);
  ftp.OpenConnection();

  // Create the new file and send the image
  ftp.ChangeWorkDir("/gallery/latest/");
  ftp.InitFile("Type I");
  ftp.NewFile("latest.jpg");
  ftp.WriteData(fb->buf, fb->len);
  ftp.CloseFile();
  ftp.CloseConnection();

  esp_camera_fb_return(fb);
  
  pictureUploaded = true;
}

This leads to Serial output:

23:50:14.181 → Camera capture succeeded
23:50:14.181 → Connecting to: my.hidden.ftp.address
23:50:14.247 → Command connected
23:50:15.755 → Send USER
23:50:20.388 → Send PASSWORD
23:50:21.972 → Send SYST
23:50:22.854 → Send CWD
23:50:23.766 → Send TYPE
23:50:23.766 → Type I
23:50:24.982 → Send PASV
23:50:25.091 → Data port: 35581
23:50:25.225 → Data connection established
23:50:25.225 → Send STOR
23:50:26.220 → Writing
23:50:41.452 → Close File
23:50:41.452 → FTP error: 426 Transfer aborted. Interrupted system call

Any ideas what I could do to fix this?

The easier you make it to read and copy the code the more likely it is that you will get help

Please follow the advice given in the link below when posting code and use code tags

1 Like

Here is my ESP32CAM FTP task that works for me:

void capturePhoto_sendFTP( void *pvParameters )
{
  TickType_t xLastWakeTime    = xTaskGetTickCount();
  const TickType_t xFrequency = 1000 * 15; //delay for mS
  //!!!!!Must wait for MQTT connection and proper setup of the sema_MQTT_KeepAlive!!!!
  while ( !MQTTclient.connected() )
  {
    vTaskDelay( 500 );
  }
  for (;;)
  {
    log_i( "tick");
    xSemaphoreTake( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive, portMAX_DELAY );
    if ( (wifiClient.connected()) && (WiFi.status() == WL_CONNECTED) )
    {
      camera_fb_t * fb = NULL; // pointer
      fb = esp_camera_fb_get();
      if (!fb)
      {
        log_i( "Camera capture failed" );
        esp_camera_fb_return(fb);
      } else
      {
        ftp.OpenConnection(); // try open FTP
        if ( ftp.isConnected() )
        {
          //try send file ftp
          ftp.ChangeWorkDir( ftp_path );
          ftp.DeleteFile( ftp_file_name );
          ftp.InitFile( ftp_file_type ); //"Type I"
          ftp.NewFile( ftp_file_name );
          ftp.WriteData( (unsigned char *)fb->buf, fb->len );
          ftp.CloseFile();
          ftp.CloseConnection();
        }
        esp_camera_fb_return(fb); //return the frame buffer back to the driver for reuse
      }
    }
    xSemaphoreGive( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive );
    xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
    vTaskDelayUntil( &xLastWakeTime, xFrequency );
    //log_i( "FTP thing high watermark %d", uxTaskGetStackHighWaterMark( NULL ) );
  }
  vTaskDelete( NULL );
} //void capturePhoto_sendFTP( void *pvParameters )

Thank you, I’ll try with that…

I noticed that your solution might be part of a very similar project as mine: controlling an ESP-CAM with mqtt and using FTP as the file handler.

Would you mind sharing your whole project code? I’m very new with Arduino and your code would help me learn.

I am working on being able to change the settings of the CAM through MQTT. I am not done. I’ve got the DB and web page part working, I am working on coding the Python program on the RPi MQTT broker that will send setting changes to individual ESP32 CAM’s.

#include "sdkconfig.h" // used for log printing
#include "esp_system.h"
#include "freertos/FreeRTOS.h" //freeRTOS items to be used
#include "freertos/task.h"
#include "certs.h"
#include "esp_camera.h"
#include "soc/soc.h"           // Disable brownout problems
#include "soc/rtc_cntl_reg.h"  // Disable brownout problems
#include "driver/rtc_io.h"
#include <WiFi.h>
#include <WiFiClient.h>
#include "ESP32_FTPClient.h"
#include <PubSubClient.h>
#include <ESP32Time.h>
//
WiFiClient      wifiClient; // do the WiFi instantiation thing
PubSubClient    MQTTclient( mqtt_server, mqtt_port, wifiClient ); //do the MQTT instantiation thing
ESP32_FTPClient ftp (ftp_server, ftp_user, ftp_pass, 5000, 2);
ESP32Time       rtc;
////
//#define evtDoMQTTParse  ( 1 << 0 ) // declare an event
//EventGroupHandle_t eg; // variable for the event group handle
////
SemaphoreHandle_t sema_MQTT_KeepAlive;
SemaphoreHandle_t sema_mqttOK;
////
QueueHandle_t xQ_Message; // payload and topic queue of MQTT payload and topic
const int payloadSize = 300;
struct stu_message
{
  char payload [payloadSize] = {'\0'};
  String topic ;
} x_message;
////
int  mqttOK = 0;
bool TimeSet = false;
//
void IRAM_ATTR WiFiEvent(WiFiEvent_t event)
{
  switch (event) {
    case SYSTEM_EVENT_STA_CONNECTED:
      log_i("Connected to WiFi access point");
      break;
    case SYSTEM_EVENT_STA_DISCONNECTED:
      log_i("Disconnected from WiFi access point");
      break;
    case SYSTEM_EVENT_AP_STADISCONNECTED:
      log_i("WiFi client disconnected");
      break;
    default: break;
  }
} // void IRAM_ATTR WiFiEvent(WiFiEvent_t event)
//
void IRAM_ATTR mqttCallback(char* topic, byte * payload, unsigned int length)
{
  // clear locations
  memset( x_message.payload, '\0', payloadSize );
  x_message.topic = ""; //clear string buffer
  x_message.topic = topic;
  int i = 0;
  for ( i; i < length; i++)
  {
    x_message.payload[i] = ((char)payload[i]);
  }
  x_message.payload[i] = '\0';
  xQueueOverwrite( xQ_Message, (void *) &x_message );// send data to queue
} // void mqttCallback(char* topic, byte* payload, unsigned int length)
////
void setup()
{
  WRITE_PERI_REG(RTC_CNTL_BROWN_OUT_REG, 0); //disable brownout detector
  //
  //eg = xEventGroupCreate(); // get an event group handle
  //
  x_message.topic.reserve( payloadSize );
  //
  xQ_Message  = xQueueCreate( 1, sizeof(stu_message) );
  //
  sema_mqttOK    =  xSemaphoreCreateBinary();
  xSemaphoreGive( sema_mqttOK );
  //
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( MQTTkeepalive, "MQTTkeepalive", 7000, NULL, 3, NULL, 1 );
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( fparseMQTT, "fparseMQTT", 10000, NULL, 4, NULL, 1 ); // assign all to core 1, WiFi in use.
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( fmqttWatchDog, "fmqttWatchDog", 3000, NULL, 2, NULL, 1 );
  if ( configInitCamera() )
  {
    log_i("        start camera task" );
    xTaskCreatePinnedToCore( capturePhoto_sendFTP, "capturePhoto_sendFTP", 60000, NULL, 6, NULL, 1 );
  } else {
    log_i( "       camera failed to initilize, rebooting in 2." );
    vTaskDelay( 2000 );
    ESP.restart();
  }
} // void setup()
////
void capturePhoto_sendFTP( void *pvParameters )
{
  TickType_t xLastWakeTime    = xTaskGetTickCount();
  const TickType_t xFrequency = 1000 * 15; //delay for mS
  //!!!!!Must wait for MQTT connection and proper setup of the sema_MQTT_KeepAlive!!!!
  while ( !MQTTclient.connected() )
  {
    vTaskDelay( 500 );
  }
  for (;;)
  {
    log_i( "tick");
    xSemaphoreTake( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive, portMAX_DELAY );
    if ( (wifiClient.connected()) && (WiFi.status() == WL_CONNECTED) )
    {
      camera_fb_t * fb = NULL; // pointer
      fb = esp_camera_fb_get();
      if (!fb)
      {
        log_i( "Camera capture failed" );
        esp_camera_fb_return(fb);
      } else
      {
        ftp.OpenConnection(); // try open FTP
        if ( ftp.isConnected() )
        {
          //try send file ftp
          ftp.ChangeWorkDir( ftp_path );
          ftp.DeleteFile( ftp_file_name );
          ftp.InitFile( ftp_file_type ); //"Type I"
          ftp.NewFile( ftp_file_name );
          ftp.WriteData( (unsigned char *)fb->buf, fb->len );
          ftp.CloseFile();
          ftp.CloseConnection();
        }
        esp_camera_fb_return(fb); //return the frame buffer back to the driver for reuse
      }
    }
    xSemaphoreGive( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive );
    xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
    vTaskDelayUntil( &xLastWakeTime, xFrequency );
    //log_i( "FTP thing high watermark %d", uxTaskGetStackHighWaterMark( NULL ) );
  }
  vTaskDelete( NULL );
} //void capturePhoto_sendFTP( void *pvParameters )
//////
void configureCameraSettings()
{
  sensor_t * s = esp_camera_sensor_get(); //see certs.h for more info
  s->set_brightness(s, -1);     // -2 to 2 **************************
  s->set_contrast(s, 0);       // -2 to 2
  s->set_saturation(s, 0);     // -2 to 2
  s->set_special_effect(s, 0); // 0 to 6 (0 - No Effect, 1 - Negative, 2 - Grayscale, 3 - Red Tint, 4 - Green Tint, 5 - Blue Tint, 6 - Sepia)
  s->set_whitebal(s, 1);       // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_awb_gain(s, 1);       // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_wb_mode(s, 0);        // 0 to 4 - if awb_gain enabled (0 - Auto, 1 - Sunny, 2 - Cloudy, 3 - Office, 4 - Home)
  s->set_exposure_ctrl(s, 1);  // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_aec2(s, 0);           // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_ae_level(s, 0);       // -2 to 2
  s->set_aec_value(s, 300);    // 0 to 1200
  s->set_gain_ctrl(s, 1);      // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_agc_gain(s, 0);       // 0 to 30
  s->set_gainceiling(s, (gainceiling_t)0);  // 0 to 6
  s->set_bpc(s, 0);            // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_wpc(s, 1);            // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_raw_gma(s, 1);        // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_lenc(s, 1);           // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_hmirror(s, 0);        // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_vflip(s, 0);          // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_dcw(s, 1);            // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
  s->set_colorbar(s, 0);       // 0 = disable , 1 = enable
} //void configureCameraSettings()
////
bool configInitCamera()
{
  camera_config_t config = {}; // Stores the camera configuration parameters
  config.ledc_channel = LEDC_CHANNEL_0;
  config.ledc_timer   = LEDC_TIMER_0;
  config.pin_d0       = GPIO_NUM_5; //Y2
  config.pin_d1       = GPIO_NUM_18; //Y3
  config.pin_d2       = GPIO_NUM_19; //Y4
  config.pin_d3       = GPIO_NUM_21; //Y5
  config.pin_d4       = GPIO_NUM_36; //Y6
  config.pin_d5       = GPIO_NUM_39; //Y7
  config.pin_d6       = GPIO_NUM_34; //Y8
  config.pin_d7       = GPIO_NUM_35; // Y9
  config.pin_xclk     = GPIO_NUM_0; //XCLK
  config.pin_pclk     = GPIO_NUM_22; //PCLK
  config.pin_vsync    = GPIO_NUM_25; //VSSYNC
  config.pin_href     = GPIO_NUM_23; // HREF
  config.pin_sscb_sda = GPIO_NUM_26; //SIOD
  config.pin_sscb_scl = GPIO_NUM_27; //SIOC
  config.pin_pwdn     = GPIO_NUM_32; //PWDN
  config.pin_reset    = -1; //RESET
  config.xclk_freq_hz = 20000000;
  config.pixel_format = PIXFORMAT_JPEG; //assuming default is has PSRAM
  config.frame_size = FRAMESIZE_UXGA; // FRAMESIZE_ + QVGA|CIF|VGA|SVGA|XGA|SXGA|UXGA
  config.jpeg_quality = 10; //0-63 lower number means higher quality
  config.fb_count = 2;
  // Initialize the Camera
  esp_err_t err = esp_camera_init(&config);
  if (err != ESP_OK) {
    log_i("Camera init failed with error %d", err );
    return false;
  } else {
    configureCameraSettings();
    return true;
  }
} //void configInitCamera()
////
void connectToWiFi()
{
  int TryCount = 0;
  while ( WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED )
  {
    TryCount++;
    WiFi.disconnect();
    WiFi.begin( SSID, PASSWORD );
    vTaskDelay( 2500 );
    if ( TryCount == 10 )
    {
      ESP.restart();
    }
  }
  WiFi.onEvent( WiFiEvent );
}
////
void MQTTkeepalive( void *pvParameters )
{
  sema_MQTT_KeepAlive   = xSemaphoreCreateBinary();
  xSemaphoreGive( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive ); // found keep alive can mess with a publish, stop keep alive during publish
  MQTTclient.setKeepAlive( 90 ); // setting keep alive to 90 seconds makes for a very reliable connection, must be set before the 1st connection is made.
  TickType_t xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
  const TickType_t xFrequency = 250; //delay for ms
  for (;;)
  {
    //check for a is-connected and if the WiFi 'thinks' its connected, found checking on both is more realible than just a single check
    if ( (wifiClient.connected()) && (WiFi.status() == WL_CONNECTED) )
    {
      xSemaphoreTake( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive, portMAX_DELAY ); // !!!!!whiles MQTTlient.loop() is running no other mqtt operations should be in process!!!!!
      MQTTclient.loop();
      xSemaphoreGive( sema_MQTT_KeepAlive );
    }
    else {
      if ( !(wifiClient.connected()) || !(WiFi.status() == WL_CONNECTED) )
      {
        connectToWiFi();
      }
      connectToMQTT();
    }
    xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
    vTaskDelayUntil( &xLastWakeTime, xFrequency );
  }
  vTaskDelete ( NULL );
}
////
void connectToMQTT()
{
  byte mac[5]; // create client ID from mac address
  WiFi.macAddress(mac); // get mac address
  String clientID = String(mac[0]) + String(mac[4]) ; // use mac address to create clientID
  while ( !MQTTclient.connected() )
  {
    MQTTclient.connect( clientID.c_str(), mqtt_username, mqtt_password );
    vTaskDelay( 250 );
  }
  MQTTclient.setCallback( mqttCallback );
  MQTTclient.subscribe( topicOK );
  //MQTTclient.subscribe( mqtt_topic );
} //void connectToMQTT()
//////
void fmqttWatchDog( void * paramater )
{
  int UpdateImeTrigger = 86400; //seconds in a day
  int UpdateTimeInterval = 85000; // get another reading when = UpdateTimeTrigger
  int maxNonMQTTresponse = 3;
  TickType_t xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
  const TickType_t xFrequency = 60000; //delay for mS
  for (;;)
  {
    xLastWakeTime = xTaskGetTickCount();
    vTaskDelayUntil( &xLastWakeTime, xFrequency );
    xSemaphoreTake( sema_mqttOK, portMAX_DELAY ); // update mqttOK
    mqttOK++;
    xSemaphoreGive( sema_mqttOK );
    if ( mqttOK >= maxNonMQTTresponse )
    {
      log_i( "mqtt watchdog rest" );
      vTaskDelay( 200 );
      ESP.restart();
    }
    UpdateTimeInterval++; // trigger new time get
    if ( UpdateTimeInterval >= UpdateImeTrigger )
    {
      TimeSet = false; // sets doneTime to false to get an updated time after a days count of seconds
      UpdateTimeInterval = 0;
    }
  }
  vTaskDelete( NULL );
} //void fmqttWatchDog( void * paramater )
////
void fparseMQTT( void *pvParameters )
{
  struct stu_message px_message;
  for (;;)
  {
    if ( xQueueReceive(xQ_Message, &px_message, portMAX_DELAY) == pdTRUE )
    {
      xSemaphoreTake( sema_mqttOK, portMAX_DELAY );
      mqttOK = 0;
      xSemaphoreGive( sema_mqttOK );
      if ( !TimeSet)
      {
        if ( String(px_message.topic) == topicOK )
        {
          String temp = "";
          temp        = px_message.payload[0];
          temp        += px_message.payload[1];
          temp        += px_message.payload[2];
          temp        += px_message.payload[3];
          int year    =  temp.toInt();
          temp        = "";
          temp        = px_message.payload[5];
          temp        += px_message.payload[6];
          int month   =  temp.toInt();
          temp        = "";
          temp        = px_message.payload[8];
          temp        += px_message.payload[9];
          int day     =  temp.toInt();
          temp        = "";
          temp        = px_message.payload[11];
          temp        += px_message.payload[12];
          int hour    =  temp.toInt();
          temp        = "";
          temp        = px_message.payload[14];
          temp        += px_message.payload[15];
          int min     =  temp.toInt();
          rtc.setTime( 0, min, hour, day, month, year );
          log_i( "%s   rtc  %s ", px_message.payload, rtc.getTime() );
          TimeSet     = true;
        }
      }
    }
  } //for(;;)
  vTaskDelete( NULL );
} // void fparseMQTT( void *pvParameters )
////
void loop() {}

Good luck.

Thank you so much!