Facing problem while burning bootloader

Hi to all!
Trying to burn bootloader in atmega328p using arduino uno as isp programmer as instructed here-https://www.arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/ArduinoToBreadboard.
Also using 10microfarad capacitor at reset and gnd of uno.
Getting eeror message as ‘invalid device signature’ during burning bootloader. Have read lots of posts related to the issue but found no way out. Attaching pics and error message for kind support. would be very thankful for kind support.

BL_Error.txt (3.62 KB)

UsmanM’s error:

Arduino: 1.8.8 (Windows 10), Board: "Arduino Duemilanove or Diecimila, ATmega328P"

C:\Users\Dell\AppData\Local\Arduino15\packages\arduino\tools\avrdude\6.3.0-arduino14/bin/avrdude -CC:\Users\Dell\AppData\Local\Arduino15\packages\arduino\tools\avrdude\6.3.0-arduino14/etc/avrdude.conf -v -patmega328p -carduino -PCOM4 -b19200 -e -Ulock:w:0x3F:m -Uefuse:w:0xFD:m -Uhfuse:w:0xDA:m -Ulfuse:w:0xFF:m 

avrdude: Version 6.3-20171130
         Copyright (c) 2000-2005 Brian Dean, http://www.bdmicro.com/
         Copyright (c) 2007-2014 Joerg Wunsch

         System wide configuration file is "C:\Users\Dell\AppData\Local\Arduino15\packages\arduino\tools\avrdude\6.3.0-arduino14/etc/avrdude.conf"

         Using Port                    : COM4
         Using Programmer              : arduino
         Overriding Baud Rate          : 19200
         AVR Part                      : ATmega328P
         Chip Erase delay              : 9000 us
         PAGEL                         : PD7
         BS2                           : PC2
         RESET disposition             : dedicated
         RETRY pulse                   : SCK
         serial program mode           : yes
         parallel program mode         : yes
         Timeout                       : 200
         StabDelay                     : 100
         CmdexeDelay                   : 25
         SyncLoops                     : 32
         ByteDelay                     : 0
         PollIndex                     : 3
         PollValue                     : 0x53
         Memory Detail                 :

                                  Block Poll               Page                       Polled
           Memory Type Mode Delay Size  Indx Paged  Size   Size #Pages MinW  MaxW   ReadBack
           ----------- ---- ----- ----- ---- ------ ------ ---- ------ ----- ----- ---------
           eeprom        65    20     4    0 no       1024    4      0  3600  3600 0xff 0xff
           flash         65     6   128    0 yes     32768  128    256  4500  4500 0xff 0xff
           lfuse          0     0     0    0 no          1    0      0  4500  4500 0x00 0x00
           hfuse          0     0     0    0 no          1    0      0  4500  4500 0x00 0x00
           efuse          0     0     0    0 no          1    0      0  4500  4500 0x00 0x00
           lock           0     0     0    0 no          1    0      0  4500  4500 0x00 0x00
           calibration    0     0     0    0 no          1    0      0     0     0 0x00 0x00
           signature      0     0     0    0 no          3    0      0     0     0 0x00 0x00

         Programmer Type : Arduino
         Description     : Arduino
         Hardware Version: 2
         Firmware Version: 1.18
         Topcard         : Unknown
         Vtarget         : 0.0 V
         Varef           : 0.0 V
         Oscillator      : Off
         SCK period      : 0.1 us

avrdude: AVR device initialized and ready to accept instructions

Reading | ################################################## | 100% 0.00s

avrdude: Device signature = 0x000000 (retrying)

Reading | ################################################## | 100% 0.01s

avrdude: Device signature = 0x000000 (retrying)

Error while burning bootloader.
Reading | ################################################## | 100% 0.00s

avrdude: Device signature = 0x000000
avrdude: Yikes!  Invalid device signature.
         Double check connections and try again, or use -F to override
         this check.


avrdude done.  Thank you.

This report would have more information with
"Show verbose output during compilation"
option enabled in File -> Preferences.

In the future, please always post error output directly to the forum. Many forum users won’t bother to download and open a text file just to see whether they can help so putting it in an attachment will make it less likely for you to get a solution to your problem. In the case where the output exceeds the forum’s 9000 character limit, it’s OK to use an attachment but in this case it’s nowhere near 9000.

“Device signature = 0x000000” usually indicates a problem with your wiring. Please triple-check all your wiring. Jumper wires sometimes get internal breaks that cause them to no longer conduct electricity. You can check the continuity of your connections with a multimeter to ensure that hasn’t happened.

signature 0x000000 indicates a wiring error, or that you have previously bootloaded the chip to use a crystal, but no crystal is connected, or it is connected improperly (missing loading caps, or long wires to the crystal - the wires between chip and crystal, on the loading caps need to be as short as possible (unlike what is shown in the tutorial! The crystal should be inserted in the same rows as the crystal pins, and the caps should go straight to ground)

If you bootload a virgin chip with no crystal as an uno, it will set the fuses to use a crystal, exit programming mode, and try to reenter it to write the flash - but at that point, the fuse settings will have been applied, and lacking a crystal, the second half of the process will fail. Subsequent attempts will fail immediately.

The arduino to breadboard tutorial on the official site also omits the two 0.1uF decoupling caps needed between Vcc and Gnd and AVcc and Gnd (again, right next to the chip). That tutorial sucks (actually, a lot of the tutorials show rookie mistakes, particularly w/regards to hardware - It would appear that nobody who knew what they were doing looked over them before throwing them up on the site) Use the Nick Gammon breadboard arduino tutorial - his tutorials are excellent - he's one of the rare few people who both likes writing up guides, and knows what he's doing. Usually by the time someone is qualified to write a guide, they are no longer interested in doing so (I've seen this again and again, in many subjects)

As I understand, attempts have been made to get that tutorial corrected, to no avail.

Hello UsmanM

Please, how did you got your detailed log, and where was it written ?

I am stuck with the same example.

Thanks for your time,
Have a nice day

Thanks a lot to Pert for reply and a very good suggestion to post error message directly and not as an attachment if space is available.

Thanks to DrAzzy for detailed reply.

I have checked connections and wires continuity many times before posting on forum but no gain. Now, I will use a pcb to solder IC base and wires instead of breadboard. Will post progress.

Dear HARRIS46, you have to check ‘upload’ box under ‘show verbose output during’ .
You will get it in Arduino IDE\File\Preferences and detailed message is received at bottom of Arduino IDE window. Please see attached pic. Please feel free to contact if more details are required.

UsmanM:
I have checked connections and wires continuity many times before posting on forum but no gain.

What about the second possibility, that it was bootloaded as an Uno, but you do not have a crystal installed, or the crystal and/or it's loading caps are connected wrong? (or crystal is bad - cheap chinese crystals have non-zero DoA rate) Also see my note above about the length of connections between crystal and crystal pins on the microcontroller. Sometimes on breadboard, there's so much stray capacitance in the breadboard that you actually have to omit the crystal loading caps....

Could you post the photo of your wiring setup?
Check out this: https://www.gammon.com.au/bootloader. They say this is better understandable for newbies.

Thanks to all.
I have prepared boot loader circuit by soldering on a general purpose PCB.
Boot loader is uploaded successfully.
Now I am trying to upload blink example to atmega328p using UNO board but it is showing the following error message-

Arduino: 1.8.8 (Windows 10), Board: "Arduino/Genuino Uno"

Sketch uses 930 bytes (2%) of program storage space. Maximum is 32256 bytes.
Global variables use 9 bytes (0%) of dynamic memory, leaving 2039 bytes for local variables. Maximum is 2048 bytes.
C:\Users\Dell\AppData\Local\Arduino15\packages\arduino\tools\avrdude\6.3.0-arduino14/bin/avrdude -CC:\Users\Dell\AppData\Local\Arduino15\packages\arduino\tools\avrdude\6.3.0-arduino14/etc/avrdude.conf -v -patmega328p -carduino -PCOM4 -b115200 -D -Uflash:w:C:\Users\Dell\AppData\Local\Temp\arduino_build_585529/Blink.ino.hex:i

avrdude: Version 6.3-20171130
Copyright (c) 2000-2005 Brian Dean, http://www.bdmicro.com/
Copyright (c) 2007-2014 Joerg Wunsch

System wide configuration file is "C:\Users\Dell\AppData\Local\Arduino15\packages\arduino\tools\avrdude\6.3.0-arduino14/etc/avrdude.conf"

Using Port : COM4
Using Programmer : arduino
Overriding Baud Rate : 115200
avrdude: stk500_recv(): programmer is not responding
avrdude: stk500_getsync() attempt 1 of 10: not in sync: resp=0x33
avrdude: stk500_recv(): programmer is not responding
avrdude: stk500_getsync() attempt 2 of 10: not in sync: resp=0x33
avrdude: stk500_recv(): programmer is not responding
avrdude: stk500_getsync() attempt 3 of 10: not in sync: resp=0x33
avrdude: stk500_recv(): programmer is not responding
avrdude: stk500_getsync() attempt 4 of 10: not in sync: resp=0x33
avrdude: stk500_recv(): programmer is not responding
avrdude: stk500_getsync() attempt 5 of 10: not in sync: resp=0x33
avrdude: stk500_recv(): programmer is not responding
avrdude: stk500_getsync() attempt 6 of 10: not in sync: resp=0x33
avrdude: stk500_recv(): programmer is not responding
avrdude: stk500_getsync() attempt 7 of 10: not in sync: resp=0x33
avrdude: stk500_recv(): programmer is not responding
avrdude: stk500_getsync() attempt 8 of 10: not in sync: resp=0x33
avrdude: stk500_recv(): programmer is not responding
avrdude: stk500_getsync() attempt 9 of 10: not in sync: resp=0x33
avrdude: stk500_recv(): programmer is not responding
avrdude: stk500_getsync() attempt 10 of 10: not in sync: resp=0x33

avrdude done. Thank you.

Problem uploading to board. See http://www.arduino.cc/en/Guide/Troubleshooting#upload for suggestions.

This report would have more information with
"Show verbose output during compilation"
option enabled in File -> Preferences.

Please help to way out.

How do you have the Uno wired to the ATmega328P for the upload? Is it still connected in the "Arduino as ISP" configuration?

Thanks for reply.
I am using Arduino Uno and Arduino IDE for uploading.

Please provide a detailed description of what you're doing.

@pert
I have purchased blank atmega328p to program using arduino uno and to use as stand alone. After a number of trials bootloader was burned successfully. Then I put this atmega in uno to load blink program to test its working. On doing so error message stk500 was displayed which I have posted in my last post.
Please note that I have also purchased atmega328p with pre-loaded bootloader. I have programmed this using uno in the same way.

What did you have selected from the Tools > Board menu when you burned the bootloader?

I have selected Duemilanove/atmega328 while burning bootloader.

You always need to have the same board configuration selected when you upload as you did when you burned the bootloader (including any custom Tools menus such as Tools > Processor).