Lithium ion charging

Hello, i have a 2-part question about charging lithium ion batteries.

1- Do i need to balance charge a 1s 3p setup with something like a BMS or is that only when they are in series?

2- Is the different connection points of my 18v drill battery connected to a BMS inside the charging unit?

Part-2 (ONLY)

Let's look at the facts:

1. Each Lithium ion cells has a nominal voltage of 3.6V

2. Your drill battery has 18V/3.6V =

MATLAB

18/3.6

ans =

5 cells

FYI, (5>1)

Using a lithium ion battery without BMS is not possible with safety. You can have one cell with overcharge protection. But 2 cell (7.4 V) or 3 cell (11.1 V) packs require a BMS to charge the battery fully without any problem.

1. The charged voltage of a 3.6V cell is about 4.3V

2. The drill battery connector has one GND and 4 positive terminals.

3. 4 * 4.3 = 17.2V

raschemmel:
Let's look at the facts:

1. Each Lithium ion cells has a nominal voltage of 3.6V

2. Your drill battery has 18V/3.6V =

MATLAB

18/3.6

ans =

5 cells

FYI, (5>1)

1. The charged voltage of a 3.6V cell is about 4.3V

2. The drill battery connector has one GND and 4 positive terminals.

3. 4 * 4.3 = 17.2V

my first and second question have nothing to do with each other. It make since that the drill battery has a bms,
but i dont see anywhere on the web where they sell a 1s3p BMS?

1s3p BMS?

I don't know how to tell you this but you don't need a BMS if all the cells are in PARALLEL, for the OBVIOUS reason that they are SHORTED to EACH OTHER and therefore ALL CELLS will (MUST) have the SAME voltage. If you can figure out how it is possible for 3 cells shorted to each other to NOT have the SAME voltage I would certainly be curious to hear it.

raschemmel:
I don't know how to tell you this but you don't need a BMS if all the cells are in PARALLEL, for the OBVIOUS reason that they are SHORTED to EACH OTHER and therefore ALL CELLS will (MUST) have the SAME voltage. If you can figure out how it is possible for 3 cells shorted to each other to NOT have the SAME voltage I would certainly be curious to hear it.

ya it just confused me because my first question was "do i need a bms for a 1s3p?"
and you replied " Lithium batteries should not be charged without a BMS:"
but thanks for the explanation.

I only answered part 2 of your question. I actually did not notice the 1s3p part of your first question. My bad. So, by accident, I just answered part 1 in my last post, somewhat belatedly...

raschemmel:
I only answered part 2 of your question. I actually did not notice the 1s3p part of your first question. My bad. So, by accident, I just answered part 1 in my last post, somewhat belatedly...

no problem, thank you for the explanation