That is an extremely ambitious task. There is no easy start to that.
The device appears to be 1.8v and 3.3v logic so, for a Nano ( a 5.0volt device) , you'd need some sort of level shifting. The module appears to be fitted with the SPI version of the chip. All assuming a Nano is powerful enough.
You don't passively get data out of it, you send it a series of commands to drive the connected leds and send in the analog readings from the sensors which respond to the reflected/transmitted light of the leds. It then processes (or maybe part processes) the data and returns it. At least, as far as I could see.
That means, for the biometric characteristic you want to measure, you have to be able to select the appropriate stimulator source, say combination of different leds, how you want to drive them, how you want to receive and process the resultant signals from the sensors. Once you've done that, you have to work out how to configure the ATPD4100 to do all that, then collect the results.
That evaluation kit consists of a sensor chip mounted on a board with some leds, photo diodes, an accelerometer etc. It is intended to be connected to an ARM M3 or M4 based motherboard. But that is not all. A PC application controls the ARM based motherboard, can generate graphs etc. from the data and can also prepare data for MATLAB etc.
You may be lucky if a search for an Arduino project based on this chip (or maybe a predecessor) turns up something, otherwise you are more or less on your own.
You mentioned that temperature was one of the characteristics you want to measure. There are much simpler, existing Arduino projects for that. There are other simpler pulse rate measuring projects but, again, not using the ATPD4100