The chart proves nothing.
It might define relationships but it does not prove them.
The problem with your reading is that the current is being switched in order to control the brightness and so is AC. Therefore you are not getting an accurate reading of this high speed AC voltage on your meter.
16x 60mA is almost 1Amp.
That will drop 1.2volt across the 1.2ohm current sense resistor.
That current can not be reached, because you're underpowering the LEDs (3.8volt).
The fact that ICStation shows them connected to the 5volt pin of an Uno shows that they now little about electronics. When powered from USB, the polyfuse will trip at full brightness, and/or the Arduino will reset.
When powered from the onboard regulator it will surely reset. Two of those rings are even shown.
They should be powered from an external 5volt source.
Is there any chance I could damage an oscilloscope with this kind of measurement ?
Not the scope no.
However where is the resistor? One of the scope leads is connected to mains ground. If the resistor in in the positive lead and the supply is not floating then you could short out the supply through the scope.
The other way to measure this with a scope, that has two channels or more, is to connect a channel to either side of the resistor. Then switch it to differential mode and the display will be the difference between the two sides of the resistor.
When a pixel is programmed to full on (255) then its current can be deduced with a shunt resistor and a voltmeter.
When it's programmed otherwise (0-254), something dimmer, the current going through it, when there is current going through it, is no less.
I don't think I can really comment - as it has already been established that my method of using a 1.2 ohm resistor and my multimeter is not suitable for this task.
However, just in case anyone wanted to know what values I got while doing some of these tests - please read below:
While illuminating a SINGLE PIXEL (or LED) on the LED strip while keeping the rest off (brightness set to 0) - here are my initial results.
RGB (255, 0, 0) : Red : 32 mA
RGB ( 0, 255, 0) : Green: 32 mA
RGB ( 0, 0, 255) : Blue: 32 mA
RGB (255, 255, 255) : White: 61 mA
So then I decided to just compare a Blue pixel vs a White pixel, and adjusted the Brightness:
The table and graph can be seen (attached).
As you can see - my results are not consistent with your statement, nor do the individual colours add up to the current draw from displaying white (RGB all on)... so I think until I can get my hands on a suitable / accurate measuring device, I am going to have to put this one on hold.
I didn't say that a 1.2ohm resistor was appropriate.
The greater the current through the shunt, the greater the voltage across the shunt - voltage that won't be across the WS2812, skewing things.
Get a milliammeter or use less shunt resistance.