My guess is that the thing works like this:
Two 7 segment displays, each with an independent common anode or cathode pinout. In other words, it’s like two independent single digits, each with a nine pin scheme, just wedged into one casing. They’re not multiplexed through the segments. Yours, the VQE24, has what looks like common anode (on each digit, independently) on pins 4 and 5 respectively. The data sheet is needlessly confusing by referring to the seven segments as A,B,C,D,E,F,G (as usual) and then H for the DP. Then it refers to anode or cathode as A or K. This makes it look like there’s too many A segments. Compare it to the other versions, and they have their common pinning on 4 and 5.